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See also: Victory



Etymology 1[edit]

The noun is derived from Middle English victory, victori, victorie (supremacy, victory; a defeat or vanquishing, conquest; superior military force; might, power, strength; triumphal celebration or procession; monument commemorating a defeat; superior position, dominance; mastery; moral victory, vindication; success, triumph; redemption, salvation; resurrection of Jesus; means of achieving spiritual victory; reward for or token of perseverance in a spiritual struggle) [and other forms],[1] borrowed from Anglo-Norman victorie and Old French victorie, a variant of victoire (victory, win) (modern French victoire), from Latin victōria (victory), from victor (champion, winner, victor; conqueror, vanquisher)[2] (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *weyk- (to contain, envelop; to overcome)) + -ia (suffix forming feminine abstract nouns). The English word is analysable as victor +‎ -y (suffix forming abstract nouns denoting a condition, quality, or state), and displaced Middle English siȝe, sye.

The interjection is derived from the noun.[2]


victory (countable and uncountable, plural victories)

  1. (uncountable) The condition or state of having won a battle or competition, or having succeeded in an effort; (countable) an instance of this.
    Synonyms: triumph, win
    Antonyms: defeat, loss
    It was a great victory on the battlefield.
  2. (Roman mythology) Alternative letter-case form of Victory ((uncountable) the Roman goddess of victory, the counterpart of the Greek goddess Nike; also (countable), an artistic depiction of her, chiefly as a winged woman)
    • 1841, M. A. Titmarsh [pseudonym; William Makepeace Thackeray], “Mr. Titmarsh to Miss Smith on the Second Funeral of Napoleon. Letter III. The Funeral Ceremony.”, in The Second Funeral of Napoleon: [] And The Chronicle of the Drum. [], London: Hugh Cunningham, [], →OCLC, page 63:
      All along the Champs Elysées were [] statues of plaster representing nymphs, triumphs, victories, and other female personages painted in oil so as to represent marble; real marble could have had no better effect, and the appearance of the whole was lively and picturesque in the extreme.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • Maori: wikitōriatanga



  1. Used to encourage someone to achieve success, or to celebrate a success or triumph.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English victorien (to overcome, vanquish),[3] from Old French victorier, or from Medieval Latin victōriāre, from Latin victōria (noun);[4] see further at etymology 1.


victory (third-person singular simple present victories, present participle victorying, simple past and past participle victoried)

  1. (transitive, obsolete or rare) To defeat or triumph over (someone or something).
    • 1639, John Welles, “Of Mortification”, in The Soules Progresse to the Celestiall Canaan, or Heavenly Jerusalem. [], London: [] E[dward] G[riffin] and are to be sold by Henry Shephard [], →OCLC, 2nd part, page 245:
      [W]hen ſin got the upper hand of us, and vvee victoried by them; vve vvere then their ſervants, their ſlave: vvhen vvee overcome and have victoried them; let us make them our ſlaves perpetually; let us bind them in chaines, caſt them in priſon, and for ever utterly deſtroy their evill povver: []
    • 1663, Edward Waterhous [i.e., Edward Waterhouse], chapter XLVIII, in Fortescutus Illustratus; or A Commentary on that Nervous Treatise De Laudibus Legum Angliæ, Written by Sir John Fortescue Knight, [], London: [] Tho[mas] Roycroft for Thomas Dicas [], →OCLC, page 517:
      [The game of dice and ball] is near of kin, in the nature of the vvord to that game of Cock-all, vvhich boyes uſe amongſt us, vvhich Cock-all, is as much vvin and take all, as a Cock does vvho victorying, has not onely the praiſe of all, but vvins all thats laied on the match by the Abettors againſt him.


  1. ^ victōrī(e, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 victory, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2022; victory, n.”, in Lexico,; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
  3. ^ victōrīen, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  4. ^ † victory, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.

Further reading[edit]