Greek

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: greek

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English Grēcas (Greeks), variant of Crēcas, from Proto-West Germanic *krēk, from Latin Graecus of uncertain origin, perhaps derived from the toponym Γραῖα (Graîa) or from other Paleo-Balkanic forms from a tribal name Graii. See also the Wikipedia articles on "Griko" and "Names of the Greeks". Greek in any case has the cognate Γραικός (Graikós), the mythological ancestor of the Γραίοι (Graíoi, Graecians). Germanic cognates include Dutch Griek, German Grieche. The ⟨g⟩ in English and Germanic cognates was restored under influence from French grec and classical Latin Graecus. The adjective dates to 14th-century Middle English, replacing Old English Grēċisċ (Greekish) and earlier Middle English Gregeis. In reference to fraternities and sororities, a clipping of earlier Greek-letter in reference to their usual names being initialisms of mottos in the Greek language. In reference to terms used to analysize financial derivatives, from their usual names consisting of Greek letters.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: grēk, IPA(key): /ɡɹiːk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːk

Adjective[edit]

Greek (comparative Greeker, superlative Greekest)

  1. Of or relating to Greece, its people, its language, its food, or (religion) its traditional form of Christianity.
  2. (figuratively, colloquial) Synonym of incomprehensible, used for foreign speech or text, technical jargon, or advanced subjects.
  3. (US, not comparable) Of or relating to collegiate fraternities, sororities, and/or (uncommon) honor societies.

Usage notes[edit]

Presently, it's more common to refer to college fraternities and sororities as Greek life etc., while Greek-letter is still used in reference to honor societies using similar names.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

  • (senses relating to Greece, Greeks, and Greek): Greco-Roman

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Greek (countable and uncountable, plural Greeks)

  1. The language spoken by people of Greece, particularly (depending on context) Ancient Greek or Modern Greek.
  2. The written form of these languages.
  3. A surname​.

Usage notes[edit]

In modern contexts including Wiktionary's entries, Greek is used for the language of modern Greece and Ancient Greek or one of its synonyms for the language of antiquity. In discussion of antiquity, Greek is frequently used to mean the ancient form sometimes inclusive of Koine and Modern Greek or one of its synonyms is used to distinguish the modern language. In all cases, minor dialects like Ionic Greek are distinguished unless absolutely clear from context.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Greek (countable and uncountable, plural Greeks)

  1. (countable) A person from Greece or of Greek descent.
  2. (uncountable) Greek cuisine, traditional or representative Greek food.
  3. (uncountable, figuratively, colloquial) Synonym of gibberish, used for foreign speech or text, technical jargon, or advanced subjects.
    • 1821, Mary Jane Mackenzie, Geraldine[1], page 8:
      "I don't hear one word in ten that they say," continued Mrs. Abingdon; "it's Greek to me. However, ..."
    • 1859, Kinahan Cornwallis, Two Journeys to Japan, 1856–7[2], volume 2, page 246:
      "It's all Greek to me," said my companion at the outset, but as the warrior continued, his fears arose within him; it might be sentence of death—what did he know what it might not be?
    • 1951 December, “Which Kind of Life Insurance Policy?”, in Changing Times – The Kiplinger Magazine[3], volume 5, number 12, page 28:
      preferred risk... family maintenance... 20-pay life. That's a bare sampling of the merchandise you're asked to pick and choose from. If it sounds like Greek to you, don't worry. It sounds like Greek to most people.
  4. (uncountable, figuratively, colloquial) Synonym of lorem ipsum, dummy placeholder text used in greeking.
  5. (countable, US, colloquial) A member of a collegiate fraternity or sorority.
    Was Joe a Greek in college?
  6. (countable, archaic) A cunning rogue.
  7. (countable, archaic) A merry fellow.
  8. (uncountable, slang) Anal sex.
    • 2001, "ASP: 'Julie' of Oral-Land-Oh", alt.sex.prostitution, Usenet:
      She is absolutely a total GFE, no limits, except no Greek. (Well...I say “no Greek” - - if she is really hot for you, and if she is really turned on in a long session, she might beg for a finger in her anus while you suck her clit, but she is just too tiny and tight for any “real meat” in the backdoor.)
    • 2012, Maxim Jakubowski, The Best British Crime Omnibus:
      “What's within reason?” “Hand-job, blow-job, full sex — straight, full service. Greek, maybe, if you're not too big. Golden shower, if you like, but not reverse. No hardsports. And absolutely nothing without.”
  9. (finance, chiefly in the plural) One of the Greeks, measures of derivative price sensitivity.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

Greek (third-person singular simple present Greeks, present participle Greeking, simple past and past participle Greeked)

  1. (obsolete) To cheat at cards.
    • 1817, Sporting Magazine, No. 50, p. 284:
      A discovery of Greeking at Brighton, has made considerable noise this month in the sporting world.
  2. Template:uncommon Alternative letter-case form of greek.

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Wiktionary
Greek edition of Wiktionary