kieli

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Finnish[edit]

(index ki)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *keeli, from Proto-Uralic *käle. Cognates include Estonian keel and Northern Sami giella.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/, [ˈkie̞̯li]
  • Rhymes: -ieli
  • Syllabification: kie‧li

Noun[edit]

kieli

  1. tongue (organ)
  2. language (form of communication)
  3. (music) string (tightly tensioned wire that produces a tone)
  4. (music) reed (vibrating part in the mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument)
Usage notes[edit]

Can be used to distinguish meanings in terms for languages, such as islanti (Icelandic) being replaced with the more precise islannin kieli (literally "the language of Icelandic; Icelandic language"). In this case, the preceding word is in genitive. This is used particularly when speaking where there is no discernible difference between Islanti (Iceland) and islanti (Icelandic (language)) without relying on context.

Declension[edit]
Inflection of kieli (Kotus type 26/pieni, no gradation)
nominative kieli kielet
genitive kielen kielten
kielien
partitive kieltä kieliä
illative kieleen kieliin
singular plural
nominative kieli kielet
accusative nom. kieli kielet
gen. kielen
genitive kielen kielten
kielien
partitive kieltä kieliä
inessive kielessä kielissä
elative kielestä kielistä
illative kieleen kieliin
adessive kielellä kielillä
ablative kieleltä kieliltä
allative kielelle kielille
essive kielenä kielinä
translative kieleksi kieliksi
instructive kielin
abessive kielettä kielittä
comitative kielineen
Possessive forms of kieli (type pieni)
possessor singular plural
1st person kieleni kielemme
2nd person kielesi kielenne
3rd person kielensä
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kven: kieli
  • Meänkieli: kieli

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/, [ˈkie̞̯li] (indicative)
  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯liˣ/, [ˈkie̞̯li(ʔ)] (imperative, connegative)
  • Rhymes: -ieli
  • Syllabification: kie‧li

Verb[edit]

kieli

  1. Third-person singular indicative past form of kieliä.
  2. Indicative present connegative form of kieliä.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present form of kieliä.
  4. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of kieliä.

Anagrams[edit]


Kven[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Finnish kieli, from Proto-Finnic *keeli, from Proto-Uralic *käle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kieli (genitive kielen, partitive kieltä)

  1. tongue
  2. language

References[edit]

  • Eira Söderholm (2017) Kvensk grammatikk, Tromsø: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, →ISBN, page 293

Livvi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *keeli. Cognates include Finnish kieli and Estonian keel.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkie̯li/
  • Hyphenation: kie‧li

Noun[edit]

kieli (genitive kielen, partitive kieldy)

  1. tongue
  2. language
  3. clapper (of a bell)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Tatjana Boiko (2019) Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 105