кяль

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Moksha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *käle. Cognates include Finnish kieli, Estonian keel and Northern Sami giella.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

кяль ‎(kjalʹ)

  1. language, speech
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1993) Russko-mokšanskij razgovornik [Russian-Moksha phrasebook], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, ISBN 5 7595 0822 9
      Тинь корхтада [sic? корхтатада] (тон корхтат) рузкс, английскяй кяльса, немецокс, французкс?
      Tinʹ korxtada [sic? korxtatada] (ton korxtat) ruzks, anglijskjaj kjalʹsa, nemecoks, francuzks?
      Do you [pl.] (you [sg.]) speak Russian, English (lit. "in English language"), German, French?
      Английскяй и французскяй кяльхнень аф содасайне.
      Anglijskjaj i francuzskjaj kjalʹxnenʹ af sodasajne.
      I don't know English and French (lit. "I don't know of the English and French languages.")
      Тинь кунара тонафнесасть (тонафнесак) рузонь кяльть, мокшень кяльть?
      Tinʹ kunara tonafnesastʹ (tonafnesak) ruzonʹ kjalʹtʹ, mokšenʹ kjalʹtʹ?
      Are you [pl.] (you [sg.]) studying Russian, Moksha (lit. "studying of the Russian language, of the Moksha language") for a long time?
      Мокшень, эрзянь, финскяй, венгерскяй, эстонскяй, марийскяй, коми и лия кяльхне сувсихть уральскяй кялень группати.
      Mokšenʹ, erzjanʹ, finskjaj, vengerskjaj, estonskjaj, marijskjaj, komi i lija kjalʹxne suvsixtʹ uralʹskjaj kjalenʹ gruppati.
      Moksha, Erzya, Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Mari, Komi and other languages belong to the Uralic language group.
      Нинге кодама кяльхть сувсихть уральскяй кялень группати?
      Ninge kodama kjalʹxtʹ suvsixtʹ uralʹskjaj kjalenʹ gruppati?
      What other languages belong to the Uralic language group?
      Кялец юмась.
      Kjalec jumasʹ.
      Losing one's speech (becoming speechless.)
  2. (anatomy) tongue
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1993) Russko-mokšanskij razgovornik [Russian-Moksha phrasebook], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, ISBN 5 7595 0822 9
      Монь сяряди кялезе
      Monʹ sjarjadi kjaleze
      My tongue hurts
      Кувака кяль
      Kuvaka kjalʹ
      Long tongue (figuratively "big mouth")
      Оржа кяль
      Orža kjalʹ
      Sharp tongue
      Мезе мяльсот, ся и кяльсот
      Meze mjalʹsot, sja i kjalʹsot
      What is on your mind is on your tongue (lit. "in your tongue")
      Кяльцень нильсак
      Kjalʹcenʹ nilʹsak
      You will swallow your tongue (figuratively "mouthwatering, tasty")

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012) Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, ISBN 978-9985-79-478-4