тон

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably borrowed from French ton, from Latin tonus; ultimately from Ancient Greek τόνος (tónos).

Noun[edit]

тон (tonm

  1. (music) tone, pitch
  2. tone (of voice)
  3. tone, hue
  4. (figurative) heartbeat
  5. (figurative) manners, form
    лош тонloš tonbad manners, bad form
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably borrowed from French tonne.

Noun[edit]

тон (tonm

  1. tonne, metric ton (1000 kilograms)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably borrowed from French thon.

Noun[edit]

тон (tonm

  1. tuna
Declension[edit]

Dungan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate of Mandarin Chinese (táng)

Noun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. sugar

Erzya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See Moksha тон (ton).

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. (second person singular) you

Declension[edit]

Declension of тон
singular plural
nominative тон тынь
genitive тонть тынк
dative тонеть (теть) тыненк (тенк)
ablative тоньдеть (тоньдедеть) тыньденк (тыньдеденк)
inessive тоньсэть тыньсэнк
elative тоньстэть тыньстэнк
illative тонтейс тынкейс
prolative тонтезга тынкезга
translative тонькс тынкекс
comparative тоньтеметь тыньтеменк
abessive тоньшкат тыньшканк

See also[edit]

Erzya personal pronouns
singular plural
1st person мон (mon) минь (miń)
2nd person тон (ton) тынь (tiń)
3rd person сон (son) сынь (siń)

References[edit]

Kazakh[edit]

Alternative scripts
Arabic تون
Cyrillic тон
Latin ton

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *tōn.

Noun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. fur coat

Declension[edit]

Kumyk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *tōn.

Noun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. fur coat

Kyrgyz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *tōn.

Noun[edit]

тон (ton) (Arabic spelling تون)

  1. fur coat

Declension[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

тон (tonm (relational adjective тонски or тонален)

  1. tone, pitch

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

тон (tonm

  1. tonne

Declension[edit]

Moksha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mordvinic *ton, perhaps from Proto-Uralic *tinä. Cognates include Erzya тон (ton), Finnish sinä, Skolt Sami ton, Northern Sami don, Western Mari тӹнь (tÿń), Komi-Zyrian тэ (te), Udmurt тон (ton), Hungarian te, Nganasan [script needed] (tannaŋ), Northern Selkup тан (tan).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Pronoun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. (second person singular) you

Declension[edit]

The meaning of the missing cases is conveyed by the personal pronoun in genitive and the relevant postposition, for example, монь инксон (moń inkson, because of me) for causative.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ тон (ton) in Álgu-tietokanta, Kotimaisten kielten keskus

Further reading[edit]

  • Indefinite and definite paradigms of тон (ton) in O. Je. Poljakov (1993) Russko-mokšanskij razgovornik [Russian-Moksha phrasebook], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN, page 19

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tonus, from Ancient Greek τόνος (tónos); cf. French ton. See also то́нус (tónus).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ton]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -on

Noun[edit]

тон (tonm inan (genitive то́на, nominative plural то́ны, genitive plural тоно́в or то́нов) (music)
тон (tonm inan (genitive то́на, nominative plural тона́, genitive plural тоно́в) (color)

  1. (music) tone, plural: то́ны (tóny)
  2. (linguistics) tone, plural: то́ны (tóny)
  3. (of a color) tone, shade, plural: тона́ (toná)
  4. intonation
  5. (physiology) muscle tone

Declension[edit]

music:

color:

Related terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

то̑н m (Latin spelling tȏn)

  1. tone

Declension[edit]

Southern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *tōn. Cognates with Kazakh тон (ton), Kyrgyz тон (ton), Crimean Tatar don (pants), Kumyk тон (ton), Turkish don, Khakas тон (ton), Shor тон, Western Yugur ton, etc.

Noun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. fur coat

Udmurt[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Permic *tɛn, from Proto-Uralic *tinä. Cognates include Erzya тон (ton) and Kildin Sami то̄нн (tōnn).

Permic cognates include Komi-Zyrian тэ (te) and Komi-Permyak тэ (te).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈton]
  • Rhymes: -on
  • Hyphenation: тон

Pronoun[edit]

тон (ton)

  1. (second person singular personal pronoun) you, thou
    кытын тон улӥськод?kytyn ton uliśkod?where do you live?

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • L. E. Kirillova, L. L. Karpova, editors (2008), “тон”, in Удмурт-ӟуч кыллюкам [Udmurt-Russian dictionary], Izhevsk: Удмуртский институт истории, языка и литературы УрО РАН, →ISBN, page 648
  • Yrjö Wichmann, Toivo Emil Uotila (1987) Mikko Korhonen, editor, Wotjakischer Wortschatz [Votyak Vocabulary] (Lexica Societatis Fenno-Ugricae; Volume 21) (overall work in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 265