pitch

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɪtʃ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪtʃ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English picche, piche, pich, from Old English piċ, from Proto-West Germanic *pik, from Latin pix. Cognate with Ancient Greek πίσσα (píssa, pitch, tar), Latin pīnus (pine). More at pine. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Pik (pitch, tar), Dutch pek (pitch, tar), German Low German Pick (pitch, tar), German Pech (pitch, tar), Catalan pega (pitch) and Spanish pegar (to stick, glue).

Noun[edit]

pitch (countable and uncountable, plural pitches)

  1. A sticky, gummy substance secreted by trees; sap.
    It is hard to get this pitch off my hand.
  2. A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.
    They put pitch on the mast to protect it.
    The barrel was sealed with pitch.
    It was pitch black because there was no moon.
  3. (geology) Pitchstone.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Galician: piche
  • Portuguese: piche

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. To cover or smear with pitch.
  2. To darken; to blacken; to obscure.
    • 1704 (published), year written unknown, John Dryden, On the Death of Amyntas
      Soon he found / The welkin pitch'd with sullen clouds.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English picchen, pycchen (to thrust in, fasten, settle), an assibilated variant of Middle English picken, pikken (to pick, pierce). More at pick.

Noun[edit]

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. A throw; a toss; a cast, as of something from the hand.
    a good pitch in quoits
  2. (baseball) The act of pitching a baseball.
    The pitch was low and inside.
  3. (sports, UK, Australia, New Zealand) The field on which cricket, soccer, rugby, gridiron or field hockey is played. (In cricket, the pitch is in the centre of the field; see cricket pitch.) (Not used in the US or Canada, where "field" is the preferred word.)
    The teams met on the pitch.
  4. (rare) The field of battle.
    • 1845, Owen Connellan, Annals of Ireland: Translated from the Original Irish of the Four Masters[1], page 179:
      “The two men of Alltraighe maintain, Two chiefs of the plain of Kerry, A clan the most active in pitch of battle, Their chiefs are O’Neide and Clan Conary.”
      2015, SK Benton, Lives of Future-Past[2]:
      Every other day they would spend half of the training hours on the battle pitch.
      2018, Christopher R. Lakey, Sculptural Seeing: Relief, Optics and the Rise of Perspectives in Medieval Italy[3], page 84:
      George’s cult was popular in the east because of his legendary feats on the battle pitch and because of the location of his tomb, which was a pilgrimage site.
  5. An effort to sell or promote something.
    He gave me a sales pitch.
  6. The distance between evenly spaced objects, e.g. the teeth of a saw or gear, the turns of a screw thread, the centres of holes, or letters in a monospace font.
    The pitch of pixels on the point scale is 72 pixels per inch.
    The pitch of this saw is perfect for that type of wood.
    A helical scan with a pitch of zero is equivalent to constant z-axis scanning.
  7. The angle at which an object sits.
    the pitch of the roof or haystack
  8. The rotation angle about the transverse axis.
    1. (nautical, aviation) The degree to which a vehicle, especially a ship or aircraft, rotates on such an axis, tilting its bow or nose up or down. Compare with roll, yaw, and heave.
      the pitch of an aircraft
    2. (aviation) A measure of the angle of attack of a propeller.
      The propeller blades' pitch went to 90° as the engine was feathered.
  9. An area in a market (or similar) allocated to a particular trader.
  10. (by extension) The place where a busker performs, a prostitute solicits clients, or an illegal gambling game etc. is set up before the public.
    • 1975, Tom A. Cullen, The Prostitutes' Padre (page 94)
      Another reason is that the prostitute who makes her pitch at Marble Arch stands a chance of being picked up by an out-of-town business man stopping at one of the hotels in the vicinity, and of being treated to a steak dinner []
  11. An area on a campsite intended for occupation by a single tent, caravan or similar.
  12. A level or degree, or (by extension), a peak or highest degree.
  13. A point or peak; the extreme point of elevation or depression.
  14. The most thrust-out point of a headland or cape.
    • 2014, John Narborough, Abel Tasman, & John Wood, An Account of Several Late Voyages and Discoveries to the South and North, →ISBN:
      From the pitch of Cape-Fraward, to the pitch of Cape-Holland, the Streight lies in the Channel West and by North, nearest, and is distant full five Leagues;
  15. (obsolete, uncountable) Collectively, the outermost points of some part of the body, especially the shoulders or hips.
  16. The height a bird reaches in flight, especially a bird of prey preparing to swoop down on its prey.
  17. (now Britain, regional) A person's or animal's height.
  18. Prominence; importance.
  19. (climbing) A section of a climb or rock face; specifically, the climbing distance between belays or stances.
    • 1967, Anthony Greenbank, Instructions in Mountaineering (page 84)
      You lead "through" instead — your companion leads a pitch, then you join him. But instead of swapping over at the ice axe belay, you carry on in the lead, cutting or kicking steps until you are about twenty feet above.
  20. (caving) A vertical cave passage, only negotiable by using rope or ladders.
    The entrance pitch requires 30 metres of rope.
  21. (cricket) That point of the ground on which the ball pitches or lights when bowled.
  22. A descent; a fall; a thrusting down.
  23. The point where a declivity begins; hence, the declivity itself; a descending slope; the degree or rate of descent or slope; slant.
    a steep pitch in the road
    the pitch of a roof
  24. (mining) The limit of ground set to a miner who receives a share of the ore taken out.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched or (obsolete) pight)

  1. (transitive) To throw.
    He pitched the horseshoe.
  2. (transitive or intransitive, baseball) To throw (the ball) toward a batter at home plate.
    The hurler pitched a curveball.
    He pitched high and inside.
  3. (intransitive, baseball) To play baseball in the position of pitcher.
    Bob pitches today.
  4. (transitive) To throw away; discard.
    He pitched the candy wrapper.
  5. (transitive) To promote, advertise, or attempt to sell.
    He pitched the idea for months with no takers.
  6. (transitive) To deliver in a certain tone or style, or with a certain audience in mind.
    At which level should I pitch my presentation?
  7. (transitive) To assemble or erect (a tent).
    Pitch the tent over there.
  8. (intransitive) To fix or place a tent or temporary habitation; to encamp.
  9. (transitive, intransitive, aviation or nautical) To move so that the front of an aircraft or boat goes alternatively up and down.
    The typhoon pitched the deck of the ship.
    The airplane pitched.
  10. (transitive, golf) To play a short, high, lofty shot that lands with backspin.
    The only way to get on the green from here is to pitch the ball over the bunker.
  11. (intransitive, cricket) To bounce on the playing surface.
    The ball pitched well short of the batsman.
  12. (intransitive, Bristol, of snow) To settle and build up, without melting.
  13. (intransitive, archaic) To alight; to settle; to come to rest from flight.
    • 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. [], 2nd edition, London: [] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock [], and J[onathan] Robinson [], published 1708, OCLC 13320837:
      the tree whereon they [the bees] pitch
  14. (with on or upon) To fix one's choice.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Precepts of Christianity not grievous
      Pitch upon the best course of life, and custom will render it the more easy.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d'Urbervilles, volume 1, London: James R. Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., page 53:
      "'Tis very unlucky that we didn't pitch on a sound one, when there were so many more of 'em!"
  15. (intransitive) To plunge or fall; especially, to fall forward; to decline or slope.
    to pitch from a precipice
    The field pitches toward the east.
  16. (transitive, of an embankment, roadway) To set, face, or pave with rubble or undressed stones.
    • 1838, Thomas Hughes, The Practice of Making & Repairing Roads:
      [] pitch the road with hard stones [rather] than to break them up for a road covering
  17. (transitive, of a price, value) To set or fix.
  18. (transitive, card games, slang, of a card) To discard for some gain.
  19. To attack, or position or assemble for attack.
    • 1801, Thomas Coke, chapter 11, in A Commentary on the Holy Bible: Commentary on the Old Teatament[4], page 51:
      They pitched at the waters of Merom. These waters of Merom are generally thought to be nothing but the lake of Semechon,[…]
    • 1866, Charles Dickens, Works: Sketches by Boz: Illustrative of Every-day Life and Every-day People with Illustrations by George Cruikshank[5], page 65:
      “Vy don’t you pitch into her Sarah?” exclaims one half-dressed matron by way of encouragement.
    • 1868, Rock Ruin; or the Daughter of the Island, page 23:
      Yet I sometimes long to pitch at him for daring to lift his eyes this way; I always feel the blood tingling at my finger’s end whenever he crosses my path.
    • 1886, James Osgood Andrew Clark, Elijah Vindicated: Or The Answer by Fire[6], page 378:
      On the seventh day after the two armies were pitched against each other in the plain before Aphek the battle was joined, the Syrians were routed, and a hundred thousand of their foot-men were slain in one day.
    • 1892, Louis Barnett Abrahams, A Manual of Scripture History for Use in Jewish Schools and Families[7], page 72:
      The Philistines, hearing that Israel were assembled at Mizpeh, raised an army and pitched against them.
    • 2015, William Dean Howells, Delphi Complete Works of William Dean Howells:
      He would pitch into her, and pitch into himself, and then he would dwell on her good qualities, […]
    • 2016, A. González Enciso, War, Power and the Economy: Mercantilism and state formation in 18th-century Europe[8], page 144:
      If Spain was to fight in the Americas, for example, the Royal Navy could pitch against it over 300 ships in the seventies (Morris 2011:13-32), deployed in various parts of the world.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps related to the above sense of level or degree, or influenced by it.

Noun[edit]

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. (music, phonetics) The perceived frequency of a sound or note.
    The pitch of middle "C" is familiar to many musicians.
  2. (music) The standard to which a group of musical instruments are tuned or in which a piece is performed, usually by reference to the frequency to which the musical note A above middle C is tuned.
    Are we in baroque pitch for this one?
  3. (music) In an a cappella group, the singer responsible for singing a note for the other members to tune themselves by.
    Bob, our pitch, let out a clear middle "C" and our conductor gave the signal to start.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. (intransitive) To produce a note of a given pitch.
  2. (transitive) To fix or set the tone of.
    • 1955, Rex Stout, "Die Like a Dog", in Three Witnesses, October 1994 Bantam edition, →ISBN, pages 196–197:
      His "hello" was enough to recognize his voice by. I pitched mine low so he wouldn't know it.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pitch m (plural pitchs)

  1. pitch (sales patter, inclination)

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pitch m

  1. (cricket) cricket pitch