jet

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Jet and jeț

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dʒɛt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛt

Etymology 1[edit]

A MiG-17 jet.

Borrowed from French jet (spurt, literally a throw), from Old French get, giet, from Vulgar Latin *iectus, jectus, from Latin iactus (a throwing, a throw), from iacere (to throw). See abject, ejaculate, gist, jess, jut. Cognate with Spanish echar.

Noun[edit]

jet (plural jets)

  1. A collimated stream, spurt or flow of liquid or gas from a pressurized container, an engine, etc.
  2. A spout or nozzle for creating a jet of fluid.
  3. (aviation) A type of airplane using jet engines rather than propellers.
  4. An engine that propels a vehicle using a stream of fluid as propulsion.
    1. A turbine.
    2. A rocket engine.
  5. A part of a carburetor that controls the amount of fuel mixed with the air.
  6. (physics) A narrow cone of hadrons and other particles produced by the hadronization of a quark or gluon.
  7. (dated) Drift; scope; range, as of an argument.
  8. (printing, dated) The sprue of a type, which is broken from it when the type is cold.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

jet (third-person singular simple present jets, present participle jetting, simple past and past participle jetted)

  1. (intransitive) To spray out of a container.
  2. (transitive) To spray with liquid from a container.
    Farmers may either dip or jet sheep with chemicals.
  3. (intransitive) To travel on a jet aircraft or otherwise by jet propulsion
  4. (intransitive) To move (running, walking etc.) rapidly around
  5. To shoot forward or out; to project; to jut out.
  6. To strut; to walk with a lofty or haughty gait; to be insolent; to obtrude.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, Act II Scene 1,[1]
      Why, lords, and think you not how dangerous
      It is to jet upon a prince’s right?
    • c. 1602, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Act II Scene 5,[2]
      Contemplation makes a rare turkey-cock of him: how he jets under his advanced plumes!
  7. To jerk; to jolt; to be shaken.
    • 1719, Richard Wiseman, Serjeant-Chirurgeon to King Charles II, Eight Chirurgical Treatises, London: B. Tooke et al., 5th edition, Volume 2, Book 5, Chapter 4, p. 78,[3]
      A Lady was wounded down the whole Length of the Forehead to the Nose [] It happened to her travelling in a Hackney-Coach, upon the jetting whereof she was thrown out of the hinder Seat against a Bar of Iron in the forepart of the Coach.
  8. To adjust the fuel to air ratio of a carburetor; to install or adjust a carburetor jet
    • 1970, Bill Fisher, How to Hotrod Volkswagen Engines[4], page 30:
      The cure is to jet the carburetor excessively rich so that the mixture will be correct at the top end, but this richens the curve throughout the RPM range.
  9. (slang) To leave.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jet (not comparable)

  1. Propelled by turbine engines.
    jet airplane
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A small (about 15mm long) sample of jet.

From Middle English get, geet, gete, from a northern form of Old French jayet, jaiet, gaiet, from Latin gagātēs, from Ancient Greek Γαγάτης (Gagátēs), from Γάγας (Gágas, a town and river in Lycia). Doublet of gagate.

Noun[edit]

jet (plural jets)

  1. A hard, black form of coal, sometimes used in jewellery.
    Hypernyms: lignite, mineraloid
    • 1735, [John Barrow], “JEAT”, in Dictionarium Polygraphicum: Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested. [...], volume II (I–S), London: [] C[harles] Hitch and C[harles] Davis [], and S[amuel] Austen [], OCLC 987025732:
      There is also a factitious jeat made of glaſs, in imitation of the mineral jeat.
  2. (color) The colour of jet coal, deep grey.
    jet:  
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jet (not comparable)

  1. Very dark black in colour.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 23:
      She was an ash blonde with greenish eyes, beaded lashes, hair waved smoothly back from ears in which large jet buttons glittered.
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Central Franconian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German iowiht, from io (always) + wiht (thing) << Proto-West Germanic *wihti.

Cognate with Middle Dutch iewet, iet (whence Limburgish get, contemporary Dutch iets), English aught.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

jet (indefinite)

  1. (Ripuarian, northernmost Moselle Franconian) something; anything
    Luur ens, ich hann der jet metjebrat.
    Look, I’ve brought you something.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ěxati, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

jet impf

  1. to ride
  2. to go (by vehicle)

Usage notes[edit]

Jet is in the class of Czech concrete verbs. Its counterpart, jezdit, is an abstract verb.

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "jet" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French get, giet, from a Vulgar Latin *iectus, jectus, an alteration of Latin iactus (a throwing, throw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jet m (plural jets)

  1. throw
  2. spurt, spout, jet

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English jet (airplane).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jet m (plural jets)

  1. jet (airplane)

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Noun[edit]

jet m (plural jets)

  1. bed

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

jet

  1. Alternative form of get (jet)

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iactus

Noun[edit]

jet

  1. throw

Descendants[edit]

  • Anglo-Norman: jet
  • French: jet

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English jet

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɟ͡ʝet/, [ˈɟ͡ʝet̪]

Noun[edit]

jet m (plural jets)

  1. jet