proud

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See also: Proud and prouď

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English proud, prout, prut, from Old English prūd, prūt (proud, arrogant, haughty) (compare Old English prȳtung (pride); prȳde, prȳte (pride)), probably from Old French prod, prud (brave, gallant) (modern French preux), from Late Latin prōde (useful), derived from Latin prōdesse (to be of value); however, the Old English umlaut derivatives prȳte, prȳtian, etc. suggest the word may be older and possibly native. Compare Old Norse prýði (ornament; gallantry, bravery). See also pride.

Cognate with German Low German praud, Old Norse prúðr (gallant, brave, magnificent, stately, handsome, fine) (Icelandic prúður, Middle Swedish prudh, Danish prud).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɹaʊd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊd

Adjective[edit]

proud (comparative prouder or more proud, superlative proudest or most proud)

  1. Feeling honoured (by something); feeling happy or satisfied about an event or fact; gratified.
    I am proud of Sivu’s schoolwork.
    • 1984, 19:33 from the start, in Dune[1] (Science Fiction), spoken by Leto Atreides and Paul Atreides, →OCLC:
      LETO: Thufir Hawat has served House Atreides three generations. He swears you are the finest student he has ever taught. Yueh, Gurney and Duncan say the same. Makes me feel very proud.
      PAUL: I want you to be proud of me.
    • 2010, BioWare, Mass Effect 2 (Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →OCLC, PC, scene: Collector Base:
      Shepard: It's been a long journey, and no one's coming out without scars. But it all comes down to this moment.
      Shepard: We win or lose it all in the next few minutes. Make me proud. Make yourselves proud.
    1. That makes one feel proud (of something one did)
      That was not the proudest thing I did but I can’t deny it.
  2. Possessed of a due sense of what one deserves or is worth.
    I was too proud to apologise.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Justifiably Angry Young Man”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, →OCLC, page 93:
      I remember a lady coming to inspect St. Mary's Home where I was brought up and seeing us all in our lovely Elizabethan uniforms we were so proud of, and bursting into tears all over us because "it was wicked to dress us like charity children". We nearly crowned her we were so offended.
  3. (chiefly biblical) Having too high an opinion of oneself; arrogant, supercilious.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], →OCLC, Proverbs 16:5:
      Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to the Lord: though hand ioyne in hand, he ſhall not be vnpuniſhed.
    • 1609 February–August (date written), J[ohn] Donne, “[Holy Sonnets] Sonnet VI [Death Be Not Proud]”, in Poems, [] with Elegies on the Authors Death, London: [] M[iles] F[lesher] for Iohn Marriot, [], published 1633, →OCLC, page 35:
      Death be not proud; though ſome have called thee / Mighty and dreadfull, for, thou art not foe, [...]
    • 1907, Hilaire Belloc, Cautionary Tales for Children, Godolphin Horne Who was cursed with the Sin of Pride, and Became a Boot-Black:
      Godolphin Horne was Nobly Born; / He held the human race in scorn, / And lived with all his sisters where / His father lived, in Berkeley Square. / And oh! The lad was deathly proud! / He never shook your hand or bowed, / But merely smirked and nodded thus: / How perfectly ridiculous! / Alas! That such Affected Tricks / Should flourish in a child of six!
  4. Generating a sense of pride; being a cause for pride.
    It was a proud day when we finally won the championship.
  5. (Of things) standing upwards as in the manner of a proud person; stately or majestic.
    • 1966, James Workman, The Mad Emperor, Melbourne, Sydney: Scripts, page 77:
      Norsus [...] walked between the lines of soldiers in their bronze armour; keen swords in their hands and proud plumes fluttering from their helmets.
  6. Standing out or raised; swollen.
    After it had healed, the scar tissue stood proud of his flesh.
    The weld was still a bit proud of the panel, so she ground it down flush.
  7. (obsolete) Brave, valiant; gallant.
  8. (obsolete) Excited by sexual desire; specifically of a female animal: in heat.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams[edit]

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech prúd, from Proto-Slavic *prǭdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

proud m inan

  1. current
  2. (electricity) current

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • proud in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • proud in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • proud in Internetová jazyková příručka

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English prūd, prūt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

proud

  1. haughty, arrogant

Descendants[edit]

  • English: proud
  • Scots: pruid, proud
  • Yola: proud
  • ? Middle Irish: bród

References[edit]

Yola[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English proud, from Old English prūd.

Adjective[edit]

proud

  1. proud
    • 1867, DR. RUSSELL ON THE INHABITANTS AND DIALECT OF THE BARONY OF FORTH:
      Proud Derouze,
      Proud Devereux.

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 126