sto

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See also: stó, stò, što, -sto, -stö, and 'sto

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sto n

  1. (cardinal) hundred (100)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • sto in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sto in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sto

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stare

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *staēō, from Proto-Indo-European *sth₂éh₁yeti, stative verb from *steh₂-. Cognates include Sanskrit तिष्ठति(tiṣṭhati) (root स्था(sthā)), Persian ایستا(istā, standing; stopping), Ancient Greek ἵστημι(hístēmi) and στάσις(stásis), Old English standan (English stand), Bulgarian стоя(stoja).

By its appearance through Latin sound laws, this stative verb, against all others of this class in the 2nd conjugation, belongs to the 1st conjugation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

stō ‎(present infinitive stāre, perfect active stetī, supine statum); first conjugation, impersonal in the passive

  1. I stand
  2. I stay, remain
  3. (Medieval Latin) I [currently] am (feel)
  4. (Medieval Latin) I am [located at]

Inflection[edit]

Passive forms exist only in the third-person singular.

   Conjugation of sto (first conjugation, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stō stās stat stāmus stātis stant
imperfect stābam stābās stābat stābāmus stābātis stābant
future stābō stābis stābit stābimus stābitis stābunt
perfect stetī stetistī stetit stetimus stetistis stetērunt, stetēre
pluperfect steteram steterās steterat steterāmus steterātis steterant
future perfect steterō steteris steterit steterimus steteritis steterint
passive present stātur
imperfect stābātur
future stābitur
perfect status + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect status + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect status + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stem stēs stet stēmus stētis stent
imperfect stārem stārēs stāret stārēmus stārētis stārent
perfect steterim steterīs steterit steterīmus steterītis steterint
pluperfect stetissem stetissēs stetisset stetissēmus stetissētis stetissent
passive present stētur
imperfect stārētur
perfect status + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect status + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stā stāte
future stātō stātō stātōte stantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives stāre stetisse statūrus esse stārī status esse
participles stāns statūrus status standus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
stāre standī standō standum statum statū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • sto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.sto”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am firmly resolved: stat mihi sententia (Liv. 21. 30.)
    • to insist on a point: tenere aliquid; stare in aliqua re
    • to abide by one's undertaking: promisso stare
    • a thing costs much, little: aliquid magno, parvo stat, constat
    • the state is secure: res publica stat (opp. iacet)
    • to be on a person's side (not ab alicuius partibus): ab (cum) aliquo stare (Brut. 79. 273)
    • the issue of the day was for a long time uncertain: diu anceps stetit pugna
    • the victory cost much blood and many wounds, was very dearly bought: victoria multo sanguine ac vulneribus stetit (Liv. 23. 30)
    • to ride at anchor: in ancoris esse, stare, consistere
    • (ambiguous) my position is considerably improved; my prospects are brighter: meliorem in statum redigor
    • (ambiguous) to restore a man to his former position: aliquem in antiquum statum, in pristinum restituere
    • (ambiguous) a periodically recurring (annual) sacrifice: sacrificium statum (solemne) (Tusc. 1. 47. 113)
    • (ambiguous) to restore the ancient constitution: rem publicam in pristinum statum restituere
    • (ambiguous) to endanger the existence of the state: statum rei publicae convellere

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

sto

  1. rafsi of stodi.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral[edit]

sto

  1. hundred (100)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sto

  1. simple past of stå

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sto

  1. one hundred

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]

  • sto in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

stȏ ‎(Cyrillic spelling сто̑)

  1. (cardinal) hundred

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *stolъ.

Doublet of àstāl, from the same ultimate source only borrowed through Hungarian.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stȏ m ‎(Cyrillic spelling сто̑)

  1. (Bosnia, Serbia) table
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral[edit]

sto

  1. (cardinal) hundred (100)

External links[edit]

  • sto in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Slovene cardinal numbers
 <  99 100 101  > 
    Cardinal : stó
    Ordinal : stôti
    Adverbial : stókrat

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

stó

  1. hundred

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish stŏþ, from Old Norse stóð, from Proto-Germanic *stōdą. Compare Icelandic stóð.

Noun[edit]

sto n

  1. mare; a female horse

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sto 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sto stoet ston stona
Genitive stos stoets stons stonas

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral[edit]

sto

  1. (cardinal) hundred (100)