cent

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See also: Cent, Cent., and cent-

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French cent, from Latin centum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

cent (plural cents or cent)

  1. (money) A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the main unit of currency in many countries. Symbol: ¢.
    • 2015 November 22, John Oliver, “Pennies”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 3, episode 35, HBO:
      It's true. 1.7 cents to make 1 cent. That really makes the phrase “you have to spend money to make money” ring painfully true.
  2. (informal) A small sum of money.
    He blew every last cent.
  3. (money) A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro.
  4. (money) A coin having face value of one cent (in either of the above senses).
  5. (music) A hundredth of a semitone or half step.
  6. Abbreviation of century.
  7. (obsolete, except in per cent) Abbreviation of centum. One hundred.
    • c. 1450, Octouian Imperator (Octavian), lines 1463-4:
      And broght with hem many stout cent / Of green lordynges.
    • 1733, Alexander Pope, Moral Essays, Epistle III to Allen, Lord Bathurst, 372:
      The demon makes his full descent / In one abundant shower of cent per cent.
  8. Abbreviation of centigrade.
  9. Abbreviation of center.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Due to the differing plural formats used in European languages, it is common to use the word cent as a plural throughout the Eurozone.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: cent
  • Chinese:
    • Cantonese: (sin1)
    • Min Nan: (sian)
  • French: cent
  • Georgian: ცენტი (cenṭi)
  • Hebrew: סנט(sent)
  • Italian: cent
  • Korean: 센트 (senteu)
  • Polish: cent
  • Samoan: sene
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • Swahili: senti
  • Swedish: cent
  • Tok Pisin: sen

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • cent in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • cent at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Catalan cardinal numbers
 <  99 100
    Cardinal : cent
    Ordinal : centè
Catalan Wikipedia article on cent

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard)
  • (before the words "anys", "homes", "hores") IPA(key): /ˈsent/
  • (any other position) IPA(key): /ˈsen/

Numeral[edit]

cent m or f

  1. hundred
Usage notes[edit]
  • Catalan cardinal numbers may be used as masculine or feminine adjectives, except un/una (1), dos/dues (2), cents/centes (100s) and its compounds. When used as nouns, Catalan cardinal numbers are treated as masculine singular nouns in most contexts, but in expressions involving time such as la una i trenta (1:30) or les dues (two o'clock), they are feminine because the feminine noun hora has been elided.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cent m (plural cents)

  1. hundred

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English cent. These senses of the word cent in Catalan derive from the inversion of meaning that took place in English where it was used to indicate one hundredth.

Noun[edit]

cent m (plural cents)

  1. (music) cent (a hundredth of a half step)
  2. (money) cent (A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro.)
Related terms[edit]
  • cèntim (A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the base unit.)

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either a borrowing from English cent or a shortened borrowed from French centime.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cent f (plural centen, diminutive centje n)

  1. (money) cent, a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the main unit of the Dutch guilder
  2. (money) cent, a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: sent
  • Indonesian: sen
  • Papiamentu: sèn

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto numbers (edit)
1000
 ←  99 100
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal: centa
    Adverbial: cente
    Multiplier: centobla, centopa
    Fractional: centona, centono

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

cent

  1. hundred
    • 1907, L. L. Zamenhof (tr.), La revizoro, Paris: Esperantista Centra Librejo, translation of Ревизор by Nikolaj Vasiljeviĉ Gogol, Acto kvara:
      Ĉu vi, Pjotr Ivanoviĉ, ne havas cent rublojn?
      Do you, Pjotr Ivanovich, not have one hundred rubles?

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

French numbers (edit)
1000
[a], [b] ←  99 100
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal: centième
    Multiplier: centuple

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French cent, from Old French cent, from Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Number

Numeral[edit]

cent

  1. hundred

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Garifuna: san
  • Haitian Creole: san

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English cent, itself from Old French.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cent m (plural cents)

  1. (money) cent (one-hundredth of a dollar or of a euro)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (euro): centime
  • (dollar): cenne (colloquial, Canada), sou (slang, North America)

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral[edit]

cent

  1. hundred

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ ˈt͡sɛnt]
  • Hyphenation: cent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun[edit]

cent (plural centek)

  1. (money) cent (a subunit of currency)
  2. (informal) centilitre
    Synonym: centiliter

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative cent centek
accusative centet centeket
dative centnek centeknek
instrumental centtel centekkel
causal-final centért centekért
translative centté centekké
terminative centig centekig
essive-formal centként centekként
essive-modal
inessive centben centekben
superessive centen centeken
adessive centnél centeknél
illative centbe centekbe
sublative centre centekre
allative centhez centekhez
elative centből centekből
delative centről centekről
ablative centtől centektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
centé centeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
centéi centekéi
Possessive forms of cent
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. centem centjeim
2nd person sing. cented centjeid
3rd person sing. centje centjei
1st person plural centünk centjeink
2nd person plural centetek centjeitek
3rd person plural centjük centjeik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Further reading[edit]

  • cent in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031

Ido[edit]

Ido numbers (edit)
1000
 ←  99 100
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal: centesma
    Adverbial: centfoye
    Multiplier: centopla
    Fractional: centima

Etymology 1[edit]

Back-formation from cento.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cent

  1. hundred (100)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English centFrench centGerman CentItalian centRussian цент (cent)Spanish centavo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cent (plural cents or cent-i)

  1. (numismatics) cent

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English cent.

Noun[edit]

cent m (invariable)

  1. cent (US coin)
  2. euro cent (European coin)

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cent

  1. hundred

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 242.

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
100 Previous: nonante et nuef
Next: cent et un

cent m (oblique plural cenz or centz, nominative singular cenz or centz, nominative plural cent)

  1. one hundred

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: cent
  • English: cent (see there for further descendants)
  • Middle French: cent
    • French: cent
      • Garifuna: san
      • Haitian Creole: san
  • Walloon: cint

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centum or English cent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cent m anim

  1. cent

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English cent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cȅnt m (Cyrillic spelling це̏нт)

  1. cent (hundredth of a dollar, euro, etc.)
  2. (music) cent (hundredth of a semitone)

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English cent.

Noun[edit]

cent c

  1. cent; a subunit of currency

Declension[edit]

Declension of cent 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative cent centen cent centen
Genitive cents centens cents centens

References[edit]