pera

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See also: Pera, perá, perä, pēra, pêra, and пера

Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peres)

  1. pear

Further reading[edit]

  • “pera” in Diccionario general de la lengua asturiana. Xosé Lluis García Arias. →ISBN.

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. allative singular of pe

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peres)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. goatee
    Synonym: masclet
  3. bulb
    Synonym: bombeta
  4. (colloquial) penis

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish pera.

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. pear (fruit)

Corsican[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural pere)

  1. pear

Related terms[edit]

  • peru (pear tree)

References[edit]

  • pera” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. inflection of pero:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Verb[edit]

pera

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of prát

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse pera, probably from Old English pere, peru, from Latin pirum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (genitive singular peru, plural perur)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. light bulb

Declension[edit]

Declension of pera
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative pera peran perur perurnar
accusative peru peruna perur perurnar
dative peru peruni perum perunum
genitive peru perunnar pera peranna

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese pera (13th century, Alfonso X), from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. (slang) masturbation

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • pera” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • pera” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • pera” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • pera” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse pera, probably from Old English pere, peru, from Latin pirum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (genitive singular peru, nominative plural perur)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. light bulb

Declension[edit]


Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin petra, from Ancient Greek πέτρα (pétra).

Noun[edit]

pera f

  1. stone

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
Blake's Pride pears.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural pere)

  1. pear (the fruit)
  2. (slang) fix (dose of drug)
    farsi una pera
    to shoot up

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πήρα (pḗra).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pēra f (genitive pērae); first declension

  1. bag, satchel (slung over one shoulder)
  2. wallet
  3. scrip

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pēra pērae
Genitive pērae pērārum
Dative pērae pērīs
Accusative pēram pērās
Ablative pērā pērīs
Vocative pēra pērae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • pera”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pera”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pera”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pera”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • pera”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Anagrams[edit]


Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear

References[edit]


Lindu[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. silver

Makasar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pəʀəq, from Proto-Austronesian *pəʀəq.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pera (Lontara spelling ᨄᨙᨑ, semi-transitive ammera)

  1. (transitive) to wring out

Maori[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. pillow

See also[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear

Related terms[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin per (through) + ad (to).

Preposition[edit]

pera

  1. for, towards
Descendants[edit]
  • Galician: para, pra
  • Portuguese: para, pra

Etymology 2[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Noun[edit]

pera f

  1. pear
    maçãas e perasapples and pears
Descendants[edit]

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ɛra
  • Syllabification: pe‧ra

Noun[edit]

pera f (diminutive perka)

  1. (Poznań) Alternative form of pyra

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • “Pyra”, in Słownik gwary miejskiej Poznania[2], (please provide a date or year)

Further reading[edit]

  • pera in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pera in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

pera

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -eɾɐ
  • Hyphenation: pe‧ra

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear
  2. (colloquial) a knuckle sandwich
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of espera.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -ɛɾɐ
  • Hyphenation: pe‧ra

Interjection[edit]

pera

  1. (colloquial) just a minute
    Synonym: peraí
  2. (colloquial) wait (asking for stop to make an observation)

Etymology 3[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pera

  1. Obsolete form of para.

Further reading[edit]

  • pera” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. inflection of pero:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/genitive/accusative/vocative plural

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. genitive singular of pero

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɾa/, [ˈpe.ɾa]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear
  2. chin
    Synonyms: barbilla, mentón
  3. (boxing) speed bag

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese pera (pear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pera (ma class, plural mapera)

  1. guava

Derived terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either from Spanish perra (bitch / female dog (slang for 5 and 10 centimo peseta coins))[1] or Spanish pela (a hit or beating (slang for 1 peseta coins)), due to the circulation of Perra gorda (10 centimo peseta coin) and Perra chica (5 centimo peseta coin) and pela (1 peseta coin) during Spanish Colonial times in the Philippines, which by 1889 in the Diccionario hispano-tagalog, Volume 2 with Spanish pera being additionally defined in Tagalog as "Ang pagaárî; ò katunkúlang malakí ang kita, at kákauntî ang pàgod." ("The ownership; or responsibility with big income, and little fatigue.")[2] Potet (2016) remarks that it seems to be a cross between Malay perak and Spanish perra.

Alternatively, from pilak, silver in Tagalog, and ultimately from Proto-Malayic pirak, and descendant perak, which is silver in Indonesian and Malaysian, and also refers to coin and money, colloquially, in the former.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pe‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɾa/, [ˈpe.ɾɐ]
  • IPA(key): /ˈpiɾa/, [ˈpɪ.ɾɐ] (Bataan)

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. money; cash
    Synonym: salapi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2016) Tagalog Borrowings and Cognates, Lulu Press, →ISBN, page 136
  2. ^ Pedro Serrano Laktaw (1889) Diccionario hispano-tagalog, Volume 2[1], Estab. tip. "La Opinión" á cargo de G. Bautista, page 446

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *perä, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *perä. Cognates include Finnish perä.

Noun[edit]

pera

  1. stern (rear end of a ship)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of pera
nominative sing. pera
genitive sing. peran
partitive sing. perad
partitive plur. peroid
singular plural
nominative pera perad
accusative peran perad
genitive peran peroiden
partitive perad peroid
essive-instructive peran peroin
translative peraks peroikš
inessive peras peroiš
elative peraspäi peroišpäi
illative ? peroihe
adessive peral peroil
ablative peralpäi peroilpäi
allative perale peroile
abessive perata peroita
comitative peranke peroidenke
prolative peradme peroidme
approximative I peranno peroidenno
approximative II perannoks peroidennoks
egressive perannopäi peroidennopäi
terminative I ? peroihesai
terminative II peralesai peroilesai
terminative III perassai
additive I ? peroihepäi
additive II peralepäi peroilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “корма”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika