bag

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See also: bağ

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bagge, borrowed from Old Norse baggi (bag, pack, satchel, bundle), related to Old Norse bǫggr (harm, shame; load, burden), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰak- (compare Welsh baich (load, bundle), Ancient Greek βάσταγμα (bástagma, load)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: băg, IPA(key): /ˈbæɡ/
  • (Southern England, Australia) IPA(key): /ˈbæːɡ/
  • (US, some dialects) IPA(key): /ˈbɛɡ/
  • (US, Upper Midwest) IPA(key): /ˈbeɪɡ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

Noun[edit]

bag (plural bags)

  1. A flexible container made of cloth, paper, plastic, etc.
    Synonyms: (obsolete) poke, sack, tote
    Hyponym: bindle
  2. (informal) A handbag
    Synonyms: handbag, (US) purse
  3. A suitcase.
  4. A schoolbag, especially a backpack.
  5. (slang) One’s preference.
    Synonyms: cup of tea, thing; see also Thesaurus:predilection
    Acid House is not my bag: I prefer the more traditional styles of music.
  6. (derogatory) An ugly woman.
    Synonyms: dog, hag
  7. (LGBT, slang, US, derogatory) A fellow gay man.[1]
  8. (baseball) The cloth-covered pillow used for first, second, and third base.
    The grounder hit the bag and bounced over the fielder’s head.
  9. (baseball) First, second, or third base.
    He headed back to the bag.
  10. (preceded by "the") A breathalyzer, so named because it formerly had a plastic bag over the end to measure a set amount of breath.
  11. (mathematics) A collection of objects, disregarding order, but (unlike a set) in which elements may be repeated.
    Synonym: multiset
    • If one has a bag of three apples and the letter 'a' is taken to denote 'apple', then such bag could be represented symbolically as {a,a,a}. Note that in an ordinary context, when talking about a bag of apples, one does not care about identifying the individual apples, although one might be interested in distinguishing apples by species, for example, letting 'r' denote 'red apple' and 'g' denote 'green apple', then a bag of three red apples and two green apples could be denoted as {r,r,r,g,g}.
  12. A sac in animal bodies, containing some fluid or other substance.
    the bag of poison in the mouth of some serpents
    the bag of a cow
  13. (now historical) A pouch tied behind a man's head to hold the back-hair of a wig; a bag wig.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. II, ch. 54:
      [H]e had once lost his bag, and a considerable quantity of hair, which had been cut off by some rascal in his passage through Ludgate, during the lord mayor's procession.
    • 1774, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, 1 December:
      He had on a suit of Manchester velvet, Lined with white satten, a Bag, lace Ruffles, and a very handsome sword which the King had given to him.
  14. The quantity of game bagged in a hunt.
  15. (slang, vulgar) A scrotum.
  16. (UK) A unit of measure of cement equal to 94 pounds.
  17. (chiefly in the plural) A dark circle under the eye, caused by lack of sleep, drug addiction etc.
    • 2013, Ken Ilgunas, Walden on Wheels: On the Open Road from Debt to Freedom, page 14:
      With gravel stuck to my cheek, I pulled myself back in the car, looked in the rearview mirror, and saw, looking back at me, a young man with a pale face and a purple bag under each eye. I looked pitiful []
  18. (slang) A small envelope that contains drugs, especially narcotics.
  19. (MLE, slang) £1000, a grand.
    • 2017 May 2, Figure Flows ft. Purple (lyrics and music), “Money Right”, in Big Figures, from 1:18:
      Coulda got a bag last year
      But now I get a bag for a verse
  20. (informal) A large number or amount.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: (baek)
  • Norwegian: bag

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

bag (third-person singular simple present bags, present participle bagging, simple past and past participle bagged)

  1. To put into a bag.
  2. to take with oneself, to assume into one’s score
    1. (informal) To catch or kill, especially when fishing or hunting.
      We bagged three deer yesterday.
      • 1909, John Claude White, Sikhim and Bhutan, page 55:
        He was a fine specimen, very large and with a beautiful coat, and I wish I had had the luck to bag him.
    2. To gain possession of something, or to make first claim on something.
    3. (slang, African American Vernacular) To bring a woman one met on the street with one.
      • 2020, “Those Kinda Nights”, in Music to Be Murdered By, performed by Eminem ft. Ed Sheeran:
        When we hit the club to go and hell-raise / Probably end up baggin' the cocktail waitress
    4. (slang, MLE) To end the being at large of someone, to deprive of someone’s corporeal freedom in the course of a criminal procedure.
      Synonym: nick
      • 2021 January 29, JS x Jtrapz (lyrics and music), “Straight On Smoke”, 0:54–0:56:
        Free bro, free bro, we got bagged for a M
  3. (transitive) To furnish or load with a bag.
    • 1690, [John] Dryden, Don Sebastian, King of Portugal: [], London: [] Jo. Hindmarsh, [], OCLC 1154883115, (please specify the page number):
      a bee bagged with his honeyed venom
    1. (transitive, medicine) To provide with artificial ventilation via a bag valve mask (BVM) resuscitator.
    2. (transitive, medicine) To fit with a bag to collect urine.
      • 1985, Sol S. Zimmerman, Joan Holter Gildea, Critical Care Pediatrics (page 205)
        The patient was bagged for a urine analysis and stat electrolytes were drawn.
  4. to expose exterior shape or physical behaviour resembling that of a bag
    1. (obsolete, transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) swell or hang down like a full bag.
      The skin bags from containing morbid matter.
      The brisk wind bagged the sails.
    2. To hang like an empty bag.
      • 1934, George Orwell, Burmese Days, Chapter 3,[1]
        [...] he was dressed in a badly fitting white drill suit, with trousers bagging concertina-like over clumsy black boots.
      • 2004, Andrea Levy, Small Island, London: Review, Chapter Eleven, p. 125,[2]
        And this uniform did not even fit me so well. But what is a little bagging on the waist and tightness under the arm when you are a gallant member of the British Royal Air Force?
      His trousers bag at the knees.
    3. (nautical, intransitive) To drop away from the correct course.
    4. (obsolete, intransitive) To become pregnant.
  5. To forget, ignore, or get rid of.
    • 1977, The Publication of Poetry and Fiction, page 97:
      I may just bag that. I think poets have an obligation to boost the magazines they appear in.
    • 1998, Ed Burke, Precision Heart Rate Training, page 78:
      Well, even if your VCR is still blinking “12:00," I hope you're smart enough to stay inside when it's that cold and just bag that workout.
    • 1999, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      I will just bag that. If not in the trade bill, that people believe should not interfere with the President's ability to negotiate a trade agreement, how would it be dealt with?
    • 2002, Glyn Maxwell, Time's Fool: A Tale in Verse, page 296:
      'Oh bag that,' said Nelson. 'Do the Edmund stuff — no, cut, we'll do it later, look, it's knocking midnight.'
    • 2007, Don Pendleton, Ripple Effect, page 322:
      “Or we can bag that part of it and just go straight inside,” Bolan suggested.
    • 2014, Harlan Ellison, Spider Kiss:
      I'll get the sonofa—” “Listen, just bag that punchout shit for the moment. You've got a problem, and don't forget it.
  6. to show particular puffy emotion
    1. (obsolete, intransitive) To swell with arrogance.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
    2. (slang, African American Vernacular) To laugh uncontrollably.
    3. (Australia, slang) To criticise sarcastically.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. F. Niemoeller, "A Glossary of Homosexual Slang," Fact 2, no. 1 (Jan-Feb 1965): 25

Anagrams[edit]


Antillean Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bague.

Noun[edit]

bag

  1. ring

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either of substratum origin or from a Vulgar Latin *begō, from Late Latin bīgō, from Latin bīga. Less likely from Greek βάζω (vázo, put in, set on). May have originally referred to putting animals under a yoke. Compare Romanian băga, bag.

Verb[edit]

bag (past participle bãgatã or bãgate)

  1. I put, place, apply.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably tied to Old French bac (flat boat), itself of obscure origin.

Noun[edit]

bag f

  1. boat

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse bak n (back), from Proto-Germanic *baką, cognate with Norwegian bak, Swedish bak, English back. The preposition is a shortening of Old Norse á bak (on the back of), compare English back from aback, from Old English onbæc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baːˀɣ/, [ˈb̥æˀj], [ˈb̥æˀ], [ˈpɛˀ(j)], (as a preposition or adverb always) IPA(key): [ˈb̥æˀ], [ˈpɛˀ]

Noun[edit]

bag c (singular definite bagen, plural indefinite bage)

  1. (anatomy) behind, bottom, butt, buttocks
  2. seat (part of clothing)
Inflection[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bag

  1. behind

Adverb[edit]

bag

  1. behind

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb to bake

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baːˀɣ/, [ˈb̥æˀj], [ˈb̥æˀ]

Noun[edit]

bag n (singular definite baget, plural indefinite bage)

  1. (rare) pastry
    Synonym: bagværk
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baːˀɣ/, [ˈb̥æˀj], [ˈb̥æˀ]

Verb[edit]

bag

  1. imperative of bage

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bague (ring).

Noun[edit]

bag

  1. ring

Meriam[edit]

Noun[edit]

bag

  1. cheek

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bag, from Old Norse baggi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bag m (definite singular bagen, indefinite plural bager, definite plural bagene)

  1. A purse more or less similar to a bag or sack.
  2. (on a baby carriage) a detachable part of the carriage to lie on.

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bag, from Old Norse baggi. Doublet of bagge.

Noun[edit]

bag m (definite singular bagen, indefinite plural bagar, definite plural bagane)

  1. A purse more or less similar to a bag or sack.
  2. (on a baby carriage) a detachable part of the carriage to lie on.

References[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baugaz (ring) Cognate to Old English bēag

Noun[edit]

bāg m

  1. a ring

Inflection[edit]


Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Magadhi Prakrit [Term?], from Sanskrit व्याघ्र (vyāghra).

Noun[edit]

bag

  1. tiger

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bag

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of băga

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bag, from Old Norse baggi.

Noun[edit]

bag c

  1. A kind of large bag; a duffel bag

Declension[edit]

Declension of bag 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bag bagen bagar bagarna
Genitive bags bagens bagars bagarnas

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bag.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bag

  1. ladies' bag; handbag
  2. paper or cloth bag
    Synonym: supot
  3. jute sack (for grains, cereals, etc.)
    Synonyms: sako, kustal

Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Meriam bag.

Noun[edit]

bag

  1. (anatomy, eastern dialect) cheek

Synonyms[edit]

  • masa (western dialect)

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bag (definite accusative bagy, plural baglar)

  1. garden

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bag.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bag m (plural bagiau)

  1. bag

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bag fag mag unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “bag”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zhuang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From Proto-Tai *bra:kD?”)

Verb[edit]

bag (Sawndip forms 𭄄 or or or or 𢫦 or 𪫮 or or 𰄙 or 𢫗 or ⿱拍刀 or 𠛋 or 𫥴 or ⿰扌劈 or , old orthography bag)

  1. to chop; to split
  2. (of lightning) to strike
  3. to dive; to swoop down
  4. to divide
  5. to cut across

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bag (Sawndip forms 𭼈 or ⿸疒百 or or , old orthography bag)

  1. mental illness

Adjective[edit]

bag (Sawndip forms 𭼈 or ⿸疒百 or or , old orthography bag)

  1. crazy; mad; insane
    Synonym: vangh
Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

bag (Sawndip forms 𭼈 or ⿸疒百 or or , old orthography bag)

  1. to become crazy; to go mad; to go nuts
    Synonym: vangh