steken

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch steken, from Old Dutch *stekan, from Proto-Germanic *stikaną, originally a class 1 strong verb.

Verb[edit]

steken

  1. (transitive) to prick, sting
  2. (transitive) to stab, thrust (with a sharp instrument such as a dagger)
  3. (transitive) to insert, put in
    Ik hoorde hoe een sleutel in het slot werd gestoken.
    I heard a key being inserted into the keyhole.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of steken (strong class 4)
infinitive steken
past singular stak
past participle gestoken
infinitive steken
gerund steken n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular steek stak
2nd person sing. (jij) steekt stak
2nd person sing. (u) steekt stak
2nd person sing. (gij) steekt staakt
3rd person singular steekt stak
plural steken staken
subjunctive sing.1 steke stake
subjunctive plur.1 steken staken
imperative sing. steek
imperative plur.1 steekt
participles stekend gestoken
1) Archaic.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

steken

  1. Plural form of steek

Anagrams[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon stekan, from Proto-Germanic *stikaną.

Verb[edit]

steken (past steek or stook, past participle steken or staken, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. (transitive) to stick (someone or something); to poke
  2. (transitive or intransitive) to sting; to bite; to prick
  3. (transitive) to stab
  4. (transitive) to cut; to chop
  5. (transitive, of the sun) to burn
  6. (transitive, card games) to take; to trump; to capture

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *stekan, from Proto-Germanic *stikaną, originally a class 1 strong verb.

Verb[edit]

stēken

  1. to prick, sting
  2. to stab, thrust (with a sharp instrument such as a dagger)
  3. to stick, to push (into something)
  4. to drive off, to chase away
  5. to light (fire)
  6. to place, to position, to bring

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 4
Indicative Present Past
1st singular stēke stac
2nd singular stēecs, stēkes stâecs, stâkes
3rd singular stēect, stēket stac
1st plural stēken stâken
2nd plural stēect, stēket stâect, stâket
3rd plural stēken stâken
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular stēke stâke
2nd singular stēecs, stēkes stâkes
3rd singular stēke stâke
1st plural stēken stâken
2nd plural stēect, stēket stâket
3rd plural stēken stâken
Imperative Present
Singular stec, stēke
Plural stēect, stēket
Present Past
Participle stēkende gestōken

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • steken (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • steken”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

steken

  1. definite singular of stek
  2. definite plural of stek