hurt

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See also: Hurt

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter ("to ram into, strike, collide with"; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hȳrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Middle High German hurten (to push, bump, attack, storm, invade), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag),[1] from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (intransitive) To be painful.
    Does your leg still hurt? / It is starting to feel better.
  2. (transitive) To cause (a creature) physical pain and/or injury.
    If anybody hurts my little brother, I will get upset.
  3. (transitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
  4. (transitive) To undermine, impede, or damage.
    This latest gaffe hurts the legislator’s reelection prospects still further.
    Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
    • 1568, William Cornishe, “A treatise betwene Trouth, and Information”, in J[ohn] S[tow], editor, Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate, London, OCLC 54747393; republished as Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate to King Henry the VIIIth, London: Printed for C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, 1736, OCLC 731569711, page 290:
      The Harpe. [] A harper with his wreſt maye tune the harpe wrong / Mys tunying of an Inſtrument ſhal hurt a true ſonge

Synonyms[edit]

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See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
  2. Pained.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
    • how to overcome old hurts of the past
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
  3. (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, Encyclopeida of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "horn" (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1999), 273.

Anagrams[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hurt m inan

  1. wholesale

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN