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From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter ("to ram into, strike, collide with"; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break). Related to Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag),[1] from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.


hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (intransitive) To be painful.
    Does your leg still hurt? / It is starting to feel better.
  2. (transitive) To cause (a creature) physical pain and/or injury.
    If anybody hurts my little brother I will get upset.
  3. (transitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
  4. (transitive) To undermine, impede, or damage.
    This latest gaffe hurts the MP's reelection prospects still further.


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]



hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
  2. Pained.


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological hurt (humiliation or bad experience)
    • How to overcome old hurts of the past
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
      I have received a hurt.
    • John Locke
      The pains of sickness and hurts [] all men feel.
  3. (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
    • Shakespeare
      Thou dost me yet but little hurt.
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, Encyclopeida of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "horn" (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1999), 273.




From Middle High German


hurt m inan

  1. wholesale


Derived terms[edit]