Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
啊-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口弓中口 (RNLR), four-corner 61020, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 195, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 416, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 634, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+554A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Interjection[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin ā)

  1. (used by itself to express surprise) ah, oh, ha
    /   ―  Ā! Wǒ yòu yíng le!  ―  Ha! I've won again!

Interjection[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin ǎ)

  1. (indicating puzzled surprise) what? oh? huh?
    事兒 / 事儿  ―  Ǎ! Zhēn yǒu zhè shìr?  ―  What? Is that really so?

Interjection[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin á)

  1. (indicating doubt or questioning) what?, huh?, eh
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Á? Nǐ shuō shénme?  ―  Huh, what did you say?

Interjection[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin à)

  1. (indicating agreement/approval) ah
      ―  À, hǎo ba.  ―  Well, OK.

Particle[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin a)

  1. sentence-final particle expressing surprise
    /   ―  Nǐ bù lái a?  ―  So you're not coming?
  2. sentence-final particle expressing exclamation, excitement or enthusiasm
    天兒 / 天儿  ―  Duō hǎo tiānr a!  ―  What a fine day!
    謝謝 / 谢谢  ―  xièxiè a  ―  Thanks.
  3. sentence-final particle softening the request
    不行 / 不行  ―  Lǎo Wáng a, zhè kě bùxíng a!  ―  Wang, this won't do!
  4. used in enumerations, for confirmation (often untranslated)
    /   ―  Qián a, shū a, biǎo a, wǒ dōu diū le.  ―  Money, books, watch, I lost everything.
  5. on and on, continuously

Usage notes[edit]

  • Only used after words ending in -ng, ci, zi, si, chi, zhi, shi. See (ya), (wa), (na), (la).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (ya) (after -a, -o, -e, -i, -ü)
  • (wa) (after -u, -ao)
  • (na) (after -n)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a)

  1. love

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(à, a, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.