Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+555E, 啞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-555E

[U+555D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+555F]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口一中一 (RMLM), four-corner 61017, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 196, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 417, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 636, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+555E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːʔ, *qraː
*qraː
*qraː
*qraːʔ, *qraːɡs, *qraːɡ, *qraːɡ
*qraːʔ
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qaː, *qaːɡs, *qaːɡ
*qaːɡs
*qaːɡ
*qaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːʔ, *qraːɡs, *qraːɡ, *qraːɡ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *qraːɡs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • é/ée - vernacular;
  • á - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (34)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʔaX/
Wang
Li
/aX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔaeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˤraʔ/
English mute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 14210
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. mute; dumb (unable to speak)
  2. hoarse
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (lóng, “deaf”)
  • (máng, “blind”)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (113) (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠæk̚/ /ʔˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚak̚/ /ʔᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔak̚/ /ʔɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨjk̚/ /ʔəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔɐk̚/ /ʔɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/ɐk̚/ /æk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɐk̚/ /ʔæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
e e
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
No. 14223 14224
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːɡ/ /*qraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (onomatopoeia) laughter; sound of laughing

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (34)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʔaH/
Wang
Li
/aH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 14216
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of ().
  2. (onomatopoeia) The sound of cawing.
  3. (onomatopoeia) The sound of a child learning to speak.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. mute, dumb
  2. become hoarse

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • JIS: 2F28
  • Kuten: 1508
  • Shift JIS: 3671
  • EUC-JP: -
  • Frequency: not ranked
  • Nelson: not listed
  • New Nelson: 827
  • Halpern: not listed
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: not listed
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a)

  1. deaf
  2. mute

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(á, , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.