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U+5440, 呀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5440

[U+543F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5441]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order.

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口一女竹 (RMVH), four-corner 61040, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 180, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3383
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 587, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5440

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljaː, *laː
*ljaː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraː, *hŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*qraː
*laː

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ŋa/
Wang
Li
/ŋa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14180
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be surprised
  2. (expressing surprise)
    下雨  ―  ! Xiàyǔ le!  ―  Ah! It's raining!
  3. (onomatopoeia) creak
    /   ―  Mén de yī shēng kāi le.  ―  The door opened with a creak.
  4. a classifier

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Definitions[edit]

  1. sentence-final particle
    /   ―  Tā shì shéi ya?  ―  Who is he?
Usage notes[edit]
  • The particle is only used after words ending -a, -o, -e, -i, -ü.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (a) (after -ng, ci, zi, si, chi, zhi, shi)
  • (wa) (after -u, -ao)
  • (na) (after -n)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Definitions[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. Final interrogative particle.
    頭先邊度 [Cantonese, trad.]
    头先边度 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 tau4 sin1 heoi3 zo2 bin1 dou6 aa3? [Jyutping]
    Where did you just go?
  2. Final particle used to ask for confirmation of a statement.
    原來 / 原来 [Cantonese]  ―  Jyun4 loi4 hai6 keoi5 aa3. [Jyutping]  ―  So it was him?
  3. Final particle used to assert something.
    唔係 / 唔系 [Cantonese]  ―  M4 hai6 ngo5 aa3! [Jyutping]  ―  It wasn't me!
  4. Particle used after list items in a list of examples.
See also[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/xa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haɨ/
Li
Rong
/xa/
Wang
Li
/xa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiā
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋraː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of mouth) opened
  2. empty

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ha) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhá, nha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.