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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
門-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日弓 (AN), four-corner 77777, composition𠁣𠃛)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1329, character 53
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1833, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4281, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9580

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𨳇

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
門-oracle.svg 門-bronze.svg 門-bigseal.svg 門-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a gate

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (55)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: mén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/muən/ /muon/ /muən/ /mwən/ /muən/ /muən/ /muən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mén ‹ mwon › /*mˤə[r]/ gate, door

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8960 1 /*mɯːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. gate, door, entrance, opening
  2. valve, switch
  3. way of doing something, knack
    /   ―  mén  ―  way of doing something
  4. family
  5. (religious) sect, school of thought
    /   ―  mén  ―  Buddhism
  6. class, category
  7. Classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology and languages.  all nouns using this classifier
  8. Classifier for large guns.
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for . Compare derived ryakuji for and , and simplified .

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 2
on'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “from Middle Chinese ‎(mwon, gate)?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もん, romaji mon)

  1. gate

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かど
Grade: 2
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かど, romaji kado)

  1. gate

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mwun)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mwun)
  1. gate, door, gateway, portal

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(môn, món, mon, cao)

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