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U+9580, 門
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9580

[U+957F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9581]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
門-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日弓 (AN), four-corner 77777, composition𠁣𠃛)

  1. Kangxi radical #169, (gate).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1329, character 53
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1833, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4281, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9580

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𨳇

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
門-oracle.svg 門-bronze.svg 門-bigseal.svg 門-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*roːs, *mruːns
*min, *mrɯn, *mɯn
*mrɯn, *mɯn
*mɯːŋ, *mrɯːŋ
*mɯːn
*mɯːn
*mɯːns
*mɯn, *mɯns
*mɯn
*mɯns

Pictogram (象形): a gate. Compare (OC *ɡʷaːʔ, “(one) door”), which is half of this character.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mn̂g/mûi - vernacular;
  • bûn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muən/
Pan
Wuyun
/muon/
Shao
Rongfen
/muən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mwən/
Li
Rong
/muən/
Wang
Li
/muən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mén
Middle
Chinese
‹ mwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤə[r]/
English gate, door

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. gate; door; entrance; opening
  2. valve; switch
  3. way of doing something, knack
    /   ―  mén  ―  way of doing something
  4. family
  5. (religious) sect; school of thought
    /   ―  mén  ―  Buddhism
  6. class; category
  7. Classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology and languages.  all nouns using this classifier
  8. Classifier for large guns.
  9. A surname​.
  10. combined with keywords to form the names of scandals (from English -gate)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for . Compare derived ryakuji for and , and simplified Chinese .

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 2
on'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “from Middle Chinese (mwon, gate)?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もん, romaji mon)

  1. gate

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かど
Grade: 2
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かど, romaji kado)

  1. gate

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ()
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mwun)
  1. gate, door, gateway, portal

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(môn, món, mon, cao)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Zhuang[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(simplified Sawndip form )

  1. Traditional Sawndip form of mwngz.