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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Stroke order
聞-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
聞-jbw.png

This character has a slight difference between Chinese and in Japanese:

  • in Chinese:
  • in Japanese:

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 日弓尸十 (ANSJ), four-corner 77401, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 968, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29104
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1418, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4294, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+805E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯn, *mɯns): phonetic  ‎(OC *mɯːn) + semantic  ‎(ear). Compare (OC *mɯns).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (4)
Final: (59)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɨun/ /miun/ /miuən/ /mun/ /miuən/ /mĭuən/ /mi̯uən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*mu[n]/ hear (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8963 1 /*mɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hear; to listen
  2. to smell; to detect; to get a sniff at
    味道 / 味道  ―  wén wèidào  ―  to smell the scent
  3. to spread; to transmit
  4. to be well-known; famous
  5. knowledge; expertise
  6. news; message
  7. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of ("to smell")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (4)
Final: (59)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wèn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɨunH/ /miunH/ /miuənH/ /munH/ /miuənH/ /mĭuənH/ /mi̯uənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8968 1 /*mɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. reputation; renown; prestige
  2. famous; renowned

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hear

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)
  • Name (hangeul): 들을()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(văn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.