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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Stroke order
聞-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
聞-jbw.png

This character has a slight difference between Chinese and in Japanese:

  • in Chinese:
  • in Japanese:

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 日弓尸十 (ANSJ), four-corner 77401, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 968, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29104
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1418, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4294, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+805E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(ear)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨun/ /mi̯uən/ /miuən/ /miun/ /mun/ /mĭuən/ /miuən/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨunH/ /mi̯uənH/ /miuənH/ /miunH/ /munH/ /mĭuənH/ /miuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*mu[n]/ hear (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8963 1 /*mɯn/
8968 1 /*mɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hear
  2. to smell
    泡菜味道 / 泡菜味道  ―  wén bù dào pàocài de wèidào.  ―  He could not smell the pickled vegetables.
  3. to make known
  4. news

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("to smell")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Xi'an
Nanjing
Chengdu
Hefei
Wuhan
Yangzhou
Jinan
Tianjin
Cantonese Yangjiang
Guangzhou
Taishan
Hong Kong
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Taipei
Zhangzhou
Chaozhou
Kaohsiung
Quanzhou
Xiamen
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Shuangfeng
Changsha

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hear

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)
  • Name (hangeul): 들을()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(văn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.