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See also: and
U+9F4A, 齊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F4A

[U+9F49]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F4B]
U+2FD1, ⿑
KANGXI RADICAL EVEN

[U+2FD0]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FD2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
齊-order.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 210, +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜X (YX), four-corner 00223, composition⿸⿱丿𠄌⿲丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #210, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1531, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48560
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2068, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F4A

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
齊-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事): a field of grain, hence of uniform height.

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms


𠄷
𠫼

Either related to Mizo čelʔᴸ (equal, to endure) or, more phonologically likely, Tibetan ཚིར (tshir, queue, order, succession) as Tibetan /tsʰir/'s final /-r/ can explain the Middle Chinese retroflex initial of (OC *zriːl), which is derived from (OC *zliːl, *zliːls).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • chôe - vernacular;
    • chê - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • ci5 - literary;
    • zoi5 - vernacular.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zei/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ziei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzej › ‹ dzej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˁəj/ /*[dz]ˁəj/
    English uniform, equal Qí (place name)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 10052
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zliːl/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. even; uniform; of equal length
    2. Qi, an ancient Chinese duchy, and later kingdom, during the Zhou dynasty
    3. the realm of this state under later imperial Chinese dynasties
    4. (Cantonese) to all be present (of a group of people)
      Synonym: 到齊
    5. A surname​.
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of ().
    2. Alternative form of ().

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zeiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zeiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zeiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 10064
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zliːls/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of ().
    2. alloy
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 4[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. hem of a skirt, shirt tail
    2. Alternative form of ().
    3. Alternative form of ().
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 5[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (zhāi).
    2. sacrificial offering
    3. deferential
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 6[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (jiǎn).
    2. Alternative form of (jiào).

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms 褿

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Min Nan, Min Dong)

    1. uniform; generally consistent
    2. completely; entirely
    3. (Min Dong) together

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (je))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tày, tề, , chai

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]