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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +14, 20 strokes, cangjie input 廿卜X (TYX), four-corner 44223)

  1. shepherd’s purse
  2. caltrop

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1063, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1527, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3315, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+85BA

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Yale chai5)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(nazuna): the flower of the shepherd's purse.
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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
なずな
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

/nad͡zuna/ > /nazuna/

Unclear. There are two leading theories, based on older form nadzuna:

  • May be derived from natsu na, as in ‎(natsu, summer) + ‎(na, missing, gone), from the way the plant dies back in the summer.
  • May be derived from nadzuru na, as in 撫づる ‎(nadzuru, to pet, to pat, to stroke, the 連体形 ‎(rentaikei, attributive form) of Old Japanese verb 撫づ nadzu, modern Japanese 撫でる naderu) + ‎(na, edible greens), from the way the flower clusters may invite handling.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なずな, katakana ナズナ, romaji nazuna, historical hiragana なづな)

  1. shepherd's purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ナズナ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che, Yale cey)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Pinyin (qi2), Wade-Giles ch'i2)

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Compounds[edit]