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See also: and
U+6FDF, 濟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6FDF

[U+6FDE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6FE0]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 水卜X (EYX), four-corner 30123, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 656, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1066, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1771, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6FDF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zriːl
*zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
*ʔsriːl
*ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
*ʔsliːls
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːl
*zliːl, *zlil
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːlʔ, *zlil
*zliːlʔ
*zliːls
*zliːls, *ʔslel
*ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡seiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡seiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɛjH/
Li
Rong
/t͡seiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 4/5 5/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsejH › ‹ tsejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ /*[ts]ˁ[i]j(ʔ)-s/
English cross a stream; rescue stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10048
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsliːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cross a river; to ferry
  2. to help; to aid; to relieve
  3. to be of help; useful

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡seiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡seiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɛjX/
Li
Rong
/t͡seiX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsejX › ‹ tsejX › ‹ tsejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁ[i]jʔ/ /*[ts]ˁəjʔ/ /*[ts]ˁəjʔ/
English numerous stately [river name]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10043
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsliːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (~水) Ji River
  2. Used in 濟濟济济 (jǐjǐ, “horde of people; multitude”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Related to Tai. Cognate with (OC *ʔl'aːl). Compare Zhuang lai (many) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) many; much
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“many; much”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi 托洛
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Pingtan
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): さい (sai), せい (sei)
  • Kun: すむ (sumu)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune–Reischauer che, Yale cey)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tế, tể)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.