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See also:
U+6B79, 歹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B79

[U+6B78]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B7A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
歹-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 78, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一弓戈 (MNI), four-corner 10207, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #78, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 578, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16359
  • Dae Jaweon: page 969, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1379, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6B79

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
歹-oracle.svg 歹-seal.svg 歹-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - human remains.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𣦶
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From Mongolian? [1] [2]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. bad; wicked; evil
      ―  dǎi  ―  malicious intent
  2. misdeed; something evil
    為非作 / 为非作  ―  wéifēizuòdǎi  ―  to do evil

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𣦵
𡰮

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋat̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2717
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bone remnants

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. bone remains

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Unclear. It has been suggested that it could be related to (, “evil”) or (, “rascal; evil”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hokkien, Teochew) bad; wicked; evil
    / [Min Nan]  ―  pháiⁿ-sè [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  excuse me (lit. bad feeling)
  2. (Hokkien) to become bad; to break down
    冷氣 / 冷气 [Min Nan]  ―  Léng-khì pháiⁿ--khì--ah! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  The air conditioner broke down!
  3. (Hokkien) to be fierce
    無代無誌 [Min Nan, trad.]
    无代无志 [Min Nan, simp.]
    Lí bô-tāi-bô-chì pháiⁿ góa chhòng siáⁿ? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    Why are you being fierce to me for no reason?
  4. (Hokkien) to cause something to be harmed or damaged
    腹肚所以下晡請假 [Min Nan, trad.]
    腹肚所以下晡请假 [Min Nan, simp.]
    Góa chia̍h-pháiⁿ pak-tó͘, só͘-í ē-po͘ tio̍h chhéng-ká. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    I became sick because of bad food, so I have to take my afternoon off.
  5. (Xiamen, Taiwan and Singapore Hokkien) difficult; hard (to do something)
    落雨時陣 [Min Nan, trad.]
    落雨时阵 [Min Nan, simp.]
    Lo̍h-hō͘ ê sî-chūn, chit tiâu lō͘ tō piàn kah chin pháiⁿ kiâⁿ. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    When it rains, the road becomes really difficult to walk on.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(al, dae) (hangeul , , revised al, dae, McCune–Reischauer al, tae, Yale al, tay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: ngạt, đãi, ngặt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.