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See also: and 𢀑
U+4E94, 五
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E94

[U+4E93]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E95]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
五-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一木一 (MDM), four-corner 10107, composition𫝀 or ⿻ or ⿻𠃍)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 11, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E94

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms financial

𠄡

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
五-oracle.svg 五-bronze.svg 五-silk.svg 五-seal.svg 五-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

One possibility is that was originally written as five horizontal lines, similar to , , , and the obsolete (“four”), but in common writing the lines would blend together. Thus, two lines were turned vertical and the right one was shortened, to form one stroke with the middle horizontal line. An alternate hypothesis is that originally resembled with a bar on top and a bar on bottom, as in 𠄡. This would have meant five because when counting on a single hand, one first counts to five and then crosses back the other way to ten.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l/b-ŋa (five).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngô - vernacular;
  • ngū - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • gō͘/gǒ͘ - vernacular;
    • ngó͘/gó͘ - literary.
    Note:
    • ngou6 - vernacular;
    • ngou2, u2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3hhngg - vernacular;
    • 2u - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋoX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋoX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nguX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˁaʔ/
    English five

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. five
    2. A surname​. Wu (mainland China, Taiwan), Ng (Hong Kong)
    3. (printing) The size of type between 小五 (little 5) and 小四 (little 4), standardized as 10½ point.

    See also[edit]

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  () (go)
    • Korean: (, o)
    • Vietnamese: ngũ ()

    Others:


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese cardinal numbers
     <  4 5 6  > 
        Cardinal :

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. five

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いつ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いつ, rōmaji itsu)

    1. five
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋuoX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • On’yomi
    • (file)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji go)

    1. five
    2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument
    Coordinate terms[edit]
    Japanese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
    Regular  (れい) (rei)
     (ゼロ) (zero)
     (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (よん) (yon)
     () (shi)
     () (go)  (ろく) (roku)  (なな) (nana)
     (しち) (shichi)
     (はち) (hachi)  (きゅう) (kyū)
     () (ku)
     (じゅう) ()
    Formal  (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (じゅう) ()
    90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
    Regular  (きゅう) (じゅう) (kyūjū)  (ひゃく) (hyaku)
     (いっ) (ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
     (さん) (びゃく) (sanbyaku)  (ろっ) (ぴゃく) (roppyaku)  (はっ) (ぴゃく) (happyaku)  (せん) (sen)
     (いっ) (せん) (issen)
     (さん) (ぜん) (sanzen)  (はっ) (せん) (hassen)  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)  (いち) (おく) (ichioku)
    Formal  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)
    1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
     (いっ) (ちょう) (itchō)  (はっ) (ちょう) (hatchō)  (じゅっ) (ちょう) (jutchō)  (いっ) (けい) (ikkei)  (ろっ) (けい) (rokkei)  (はっ) (けい) (hakkei)  (じゅっ) (けい) (jukkei)  (ひゃっ) (けい) (hyakkei)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji i)

    1. five

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 다섯 (daseot o))

    1. Hanja form? of (five).

    Compounds[edit]


    Mulam[edit]

    Numeral[edit]

    (kwən1)

    1. five

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: ngũ[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: ngũ[1][3][5], ngủ[1], ngỗ[1]

    1. Hán tự form of ngũ (five).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Zhuang[edit]

    Numeral[edit]

    1. Sawndip form of haj (five)