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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
五-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一木一 (MDM), four-corner 10107, composition𫝀)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 11, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E94

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

𠄡
𫝀

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
五-oracle.svg 五-bronze.svg 五-silk.svg 五-bigseal.svg 五-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

One possibility is that was originally written as five horizontal lines, similar to , , , and the obsolete (“four”), but in common writing the lines would blend together. Thus, two lines were turned vertical and the right one was shortened, to form one stroke with the middle horizontal line. An alternate hypothesis is that originally resembled an X with a bar on top and a bar on bottom, as in 𠄡. This would have meant five because when counting on a single hand, one first counts to five and then crosses back the other way to ten.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l/b-ŋa ‎(five).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋoX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɔX/
Li
Rong
/ŋoX/
Wang
Li
/ŋuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nguX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤaʔ/
English five

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13147
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. five
  2. A surname​. Wu (mainland China, Taiwan), Ng (Hong Kong)
  3. (printing) The size of type between 小五 (little 5) and 小四 (little 4), standardized as 10½ point.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. five, 5

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 77
  • Halpern: 3436
  • Halpern Learners: 2142
  • Heisig: 5
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a4.27
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal :

(, go)

  1. five, 5

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji go)

  1. five
  2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いつ, romaji itsu)

  1. five

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(o)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: o, McCune-Reischauer: o, Yale: o)
  • Name (hangeul): 다섯 (revised: daseot, McCune-Reischauer: tasŏt, Yale: tases)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Mulam[edit]

Numeral[edit]

‎(kwən1)

  1. five

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngũ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Zhuang[edit]

Numeral[edit]

  1. Sawndip form of haj.