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See also: , , and 𦣻
U+767E, 百
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-767E

[U+767D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+767F]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
百-order.gif
Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 106, +1, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一日 (MA), four-corner 10600, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 785, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22679
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2643, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+767E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms financial
𦣻 archaic

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
百-oracle.svg 百-bronze.svg 百-seal.svg 百-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡs, *mbraːd
*pʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰaːɡ
*baːɡ
*baːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*prɯɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ, *ɡeːwʔ
*mpʰraːɡ, *mbraːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*praɡ, *preɡ
*ɦmreːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *praːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *braːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gja.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • báh - vernacular ("hundred");
  • báik - literary ("numerous").
  • Min Nan
  • Note: pah/peeh, peh/peeh - vernacular, pek/piak - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (113)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠæk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚak̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pak̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /paɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pɐk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pɐk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pɐk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bǎi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pæk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˤrak/
    English hundred

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 194
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hundred
    2. numerous; countless
    3. every; all
    4. entirely; completely; at all
    5. A surname​. Bai (mainland China, Taiwan), Baak, Bak (Hong Kong)

    See also[edit]

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (ひゃく) (hyaku)
    • Korean: (, baek)
    • Vietnamese: bách ()

    Others:


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひゃく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Borrowed from Middle Chinese (pˠæk, hundred).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひゃく, rōmaji hyaku)

    1. hundred
    2. a very many, lots, a lot
    3. one hundred years old, advanced age
    Usage notes[edit]

    This is the most common term for hundred in modern Japanese.

    Idioms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もも
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /mo1mo1/ invalid IPA characters (11)/momo/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana もも, rōmaji momo)

    1. (archaic) hundred
    2. (archaic) a very many
    Usage notes[edit]

    While ho or o is only used in compounds, momo can be used on its own.[2]

    Archaic. Generally only found in set phrases or compounds.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /po//ɸo//ho/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ho)

    1. (obsolete) hundred
    2. (obsolete) a very many
    Usage notes[edit]

    While momo can be used on its own, ho is only used in compounds, where it has lost the initial consonant and appears instead as o (see below). Generally only used in reference to multiple hundreds of things, as in terms 五百 (io, five hundred; a very many) or 八百 (yao, eight hundred; a very many).[2]

    Obsolete. Superseded by o (see below).

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /po//ɸo//ho//o/

    From Old Japanese. Change in pronunciation from ho (see above).[2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

    1. (archaic) hundred
    2. (archaic) a very many
    Usage notes[edit]

    While momo can be used on its own, o is only used in compounds. This o was originally pronounced ho (see above). Generally only used in reference to multiple hundreds of things, as in terms 五百 (io, five hundred; a very many) or 八百 (yao, eight hundred; a very many).[2]

    Archaic. Generally only found in set phrases and compounds.

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (baek, maek)

    1. hundred.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bách, , tình)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.