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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(tree) + phonetic  – a kind of tree.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木竹日 (DHA), four-corner 46900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 518, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14617
  • Dae Jaweon: page 906, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1185, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+67CF

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (柏), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 陌
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博陌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣæk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɯak̚/ /paɨjk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bǎi ‹ pæk › /*pˤrak/ cypress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
197 0 /*praːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cypress
  2. cedar
  3. a surname

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. oak
  2. (rare) Japanese nutmeg yew, kaya, Torreya nucifera

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かしわ, katakana カシワ, romaji kashiwa)

  1. oak

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かしわ, romaji Kashiwa)

  1. a place name, such as that of Kashiwa City in Chiba Prefecture
  2. A female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(baek) (hangeul , revised baek, McCune-Reischauer paek, Yale payk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bách, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.