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See also:
U+570B, 國
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-570B

[U+570A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+570C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
國-order.gif
Taiwanese
stroke order
國-torder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田戈口一 (WIRM), four-corner 60153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 219, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 447, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 720, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+570B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
國-oracle.svg 國-bronze.svg 國-silk.svg 國-seal.svg 國-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷɯːɡs
*kʷɯːɡs
*kʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ, *ɢʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɢʷrɯɡ
*ɢʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*qʰʷrɯːɡ
*qʷrɯɡ
*qʷɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷɯːɡ): semantic  (closure) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷɯːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuo³⁵/
Harbin /kuo²¹³/
Tianjin /kuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /kuə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kuo²⁴/
/kuɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuei²¹/
Xining /kuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuə¹³/
Lanzhou /kuə¹³/
Ürümqi /kuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kuɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /kue³¹/
Guiyang /kuɛ²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /kueʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kuəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kuə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kuə²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuet̚¹/
Taoyuan /kuet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔk̚³/
Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kwɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (132)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.q]ʷˁək/
English state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. country; nation; nation-state; kingdom (Classifier: )
    /   ―  guójiā  ―  country
  2. Short for 國語国语 (guóyǔ, “Mandarin”).
  3. Short for 國民黨国民党 (Guómíndǎng, “Kuomintang”).
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. country, nation, nation-state

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): こく (koku)
  • Kun: くに (kuni, )

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana くに, rōmaji kuni)

  1. a land, a country

Korean[edit]

A variant of "國" commonly found in old books of pre-modern Korea.

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 나라 (nara guk))

  1. country, state, nation, land

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quốc, cuốc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.