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U+570B, 國
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-570B

[U+570A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+570C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
國-order.gif
Taiwanese
stroke order
國-torder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田戈口一 (WIRM), four-corner 60153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 219, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 447, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 720, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+570B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
國-oracle.svg 國-bronze.svg 國-silk.svg 國-bigseal.svg 國-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷɯːɡs
*kʷɯːɡs
*kʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ, *ɢʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɢʷrɯɡ
*ɢʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*qʰʷrɯːɡ
*qʷrɯɡ
*qʷɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷɯːɡ): semantic (closure) + phonetic (OC *ɡʷɯːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuo³⁵/
Harbin /kuo²¹³/
Tianjin /kuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /kuə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kuo²⁴/
/kuɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuei²¹/
Xining /kuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuə¹³/
Lanzhou /kuə¹³/
Ürümqi /kuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kuɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /kue³¹/
Guiyang /kuɛ²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /kueʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kuəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kuə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kuə²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuet̚¹/
Taoyuan /kuet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔk̚³/
Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kwɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (132)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.q]ʷˤək/
English state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. country, nation, nation-state   (Classifier: )
    /   ―  guójiā  ―  country
  2. A surname​.
  3. Short for 國語国语 (guóyǔ, “Mandarin”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. country

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. a land, a country

Korean[edit]

A variant of "國" commonly found in old books of pre-modern Korea.

Hanja[edit]

‎(guk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: kuk, Yale: kwuk)
  • Name (hangeul): 나라 (revised: nara, McCune-Reischauer: nara, Yale: nala)
  1. country, state, nation, land

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quốc, cuốc, trung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.