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See also: and
U+56FD, 国
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56FD

[U+56FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56FE]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional
Stroke order (Mainland China)
8 strokes
Stroke order
(Mainland China)
国-order.gif
Stroke order
(Japan)
国-jorder.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 31, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), four-corner 60103, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Simplified from (). Also compare , an unorthodox variant of that contains (“king”) instead of (“jade”).

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“country; nation; nation-state; kingdom; capital; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)
(uncommon)

From Old Japanese. Found in the Nihon Shoki completed in 720, and in the Man'yōshū completed some time after 759.[1] Perhaps related to Middle Chinese (MC ɡɨunH, “geographic region: commandery, prefecture”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

(くに) (kuni

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
    • 1998 November 30 [Nov 25 1990], Fujiko F. Fujio, のび()とアニマル惑星(プラネット) [Nobita and the Animal Planet] (大長編ドラえもん; 10), volume 10 (fiction), 22nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 27:
      ねえねえ、(いま)()()みた⁉
      Nē nē, ima no chizu mita⁉
      Hey, did you see that map!?
      みた!いったいここはなんという(くに)だろう。
      Mita! Ittai koko wa nan to iu kuni darō.
      I did! I wonder what country this is.
      クニクニってなあに。
      Kuni? Kuni tte nāni.
      Country? What’s a country?
      アメリカとか(ちゅう)(ごく)とかいろいろあるじゃない。
      Amerika toka Chūgoku toka iroiro aru ja nai.
      You know, countries. There are a bunch of them like America and China.
      ぼくらは(にっ)(ぽん)からきたんだけど…。
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kita n da kedo….
      We’re from Japan, by the way...
      ニッポン?きいたことない。
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I’ve never heard of that before.
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace, where one is from, one's home
    • 1994 January 20 [Dec 17 1988], Oze, Akira, “第8話 酒蔵の子 [Child of the Brewery]”, in 夏子の酒 [Natsuko’s Saké], volume 1 (fiction), 14th edition, Tōkyō: Kōdansha, →ISBN, page 183:
      ううん……もう()ないと(おも)う たぶん
      Ūn……mō konai to omou tabun
      No... I don’t think I’ll be coming back any time soon.
      どうして?
      Dō shite?
      How come?
      故郷(クニ)にね……(かえ)るの
      Kuni ni ne…… kaeru no
      I’m moving back home.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC kwək̚, “country, nation”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

(こく) (koku

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
Usage notes[edit]

Most often found in compounds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 나라 (nara guk))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (country; state; nation; land).)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: quốc[1][2]
: Nôm readings: quốc[1]

  1. Alternative form of (chữ Hán form of quốc ((only in compounds) nation; state; country).)

References[edit]