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See also:
U+90A6, 邦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A6

[U+90A5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 163, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手十弓中 (QJNL), four-corner 57027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1269, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39310
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1768, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3756, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+90A6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *proːŋ): phonetic  (OC *pʰoŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /paŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /paŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /paŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /paŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /paŋ²¹/
Xining /pɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /pɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /paŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /paŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /paŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /pã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /paŋ³¹/
Hefei /pɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /pɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /pɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /puɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /pɔ³¹/
Tunxi /pau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pan³³/
Xiangtan /pɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /pɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /paŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /pɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /paŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /paŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/pɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/pɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˁroŋ/
English country

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*proːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. nation, country, sovereign state
  2. state (political division of a federation)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“group; gang; to help; to assist; to aid; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. home country (usually refers to Japan)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くに) (kuni

  1. Alternative spelling of

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC pˠʌŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 바ᇰ (Yale: pang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 나라 (nara bang))

  1. Hanja form? of (country).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vâng, bang, bương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.