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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C5F
Code point U+6C5F
Entity number 江
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C5E] [U+6C60]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一 (EM), four-corner 31110, composition)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 606, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17140
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1551, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6C5F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiaŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kɑ̃⁵³/
/t͡ɕiã⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁵⁵/
/kɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/ ~淮
/ka³¹/ 姓~
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕian³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕian³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /koŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /koŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/
/kiaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (9)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣʌŋ/ /kɯɔŋ/ /kɔŋ/ /kaɨwŋ/ /kɔŋ/ /kɔŋ/ /kɔŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiāng ‹ kæwng › /*kˤroŋ/ (Yangzi) river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3995 0 /*kroːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. (geography) The Yangtze River.
  2. (geography, by extension) A river.

Usage notes[edit]

The original Chinese word for "river" was (shuǐ), literally "water". In time, the proper name () was used as a word for rivers and its original bearer distinguished as the 黃河黄河 (Huáng Hé, “Yellow River”). Similarly, was originally the name of the Yangtze River and then applied broadly as a generic word for rivers. In modern Chinese, are usually the larger rivers, () are smaller rivers or creeks, and (shuǐ) are brooks and streams; but there are many exceptions to this general pattern owing to historical reasons.

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Jiang (mainland China, Taiwan), Kong (Hong Kong)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. creek
  2. bay

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. inlet
  2. bay

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. river

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giang, giăng, nhăng, gianh)

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