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U+6C5F, 江
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C5F

[U+6C5E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C60]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一 (EM), four-corner 31110, composition)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 606, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17140
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1551, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6C5F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *koːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

Yangtze River”.

Borrowed from a substrate Mon-Khmer language; compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *ruŋ ~ ruuŋ ~ ruəŋ(river) > Proto-Vietic *k-roːŋ(river) (Vietnamese sông), Mon ကြုၚ်(krɜŋ, small river, creek).

Derivative: (OC *kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs, “harbour”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiaŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kɑ̃⁵³/
/t͡ɕiã⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁵⁵/
/kɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/ ~淮
/ka³¹/ 姓~
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕian³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕian³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /koŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /koŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/
/kiaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤroŋ/
English (Yangzi) river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3995
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (geography) The Yangtze River.
  2. (geography, by extension) A river.
  3. A surname​: Jiang (mainland China), Chiang (Taiwan), Kong (Hong Kong)

Usage notes[edit]

The original Chinese word for "river" was (shuǐ), literally "water". In time, the proper name () was used as a word for rivers and its original bearer distinguished as the 黃河黄河 (Huáng Hé, “Yellow River”). Similarly, was originally the name of the Yangtze River and then applied broadly as a generic word for rivers. In modern Chinese, are usually the larger rivers, () are smaller rivers or creeks, and (shuǐ) are brooks and streams; but there are many exceptions to this general pattern owing to historical reasons.

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. creek
  2. bay

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. inlet
  2. bay

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. river

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giang, giăng, nhăng, gianh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.