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U+63A7, 控
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63A7

[U+63A6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63A8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手十金一 (QJCM), four-corner 53011, composition)

  1. accuse, charge
  2. to control

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 439, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 789, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1906, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+63A7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khàng - vernacular;
  • khòng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (9) (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠʌŋ/ /kʰuŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚɔŋ/ /kʰuŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɔŋ/ /kʰuŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨwŋ/ /kʰəwŋH/
Li
Rong
/kʰɔŋ/ /kʰuŋH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɔŋ/ /kʰuŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɔŋ/ /kʰuŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāng kòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khuwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤoŋ-s/
English pull (on bow or reins)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4008 4046
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰroːŋ/ /*kʰoːŋs/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese コン (kon, abbreviation of コンプレックス konpurekkusu), borrowing from English complex.

Suffix[edit]

  1. (ACG, Internet slang) -lover; -phile
    巨乳  ―  jùrǔ kòng  ―  someone who likes large breasts
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong, gang) (hangeul , , revised gong, gang, McCune-Reischauer kong, kang, Yale kong, kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khống)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.