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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
自-bw.png
Stroke order
自-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

  1. Kangxi radical #132, ‎(self).

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
自-oracle.svg 自-bronze.svg 自-bigseal.svg 自-seal.svg

Originally a pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence an ideogram (指事) of “self”.

The original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”). The derivative refers to the original word.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sz̩⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sz̩⁴²/ ~己
/t͡sz̩²¹/ ~來水
Qingdao /t͡sz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sz̩³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sz̩¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sz̩¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sz̩²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
/sz̩⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
/t͡sz̩¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zz̩²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
Nanning /t͡sz̩²²/
Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sɯ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³³/ ~己
/t͡si³⁵/ ~從

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ziH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzijH › ‹ dzijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s.[b]i[t]-s/
English self (adv.) to follow; from

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17879
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljids/

Definitions[edit]

  1. self, oneself; one's own
    /   ―    ―  each minding his own business; each for himself
  2. certainly, of course
  3. personally
  4. since; from
      ―  zuǒ ér yòu  ―  from left to right

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. self, oneself

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: cha, Yale: ca)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, từ, tợ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.