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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
自-bw.png
Stroke order
自-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Originally Pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence Ideogram (指事) of “self”.

Original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”).

自 自 自 自
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

  1. self, private, personal
  2. from
  3. (obsolete) nose
    This character has lost its original meaning of nose; see instead .

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping zi6, Yale ji6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ tshṳ̀, Guangdong tse5 [Meixian], ts'it7, ts'ii6 [Hailu], ts'it7, ts'ii5 [Siyan], ts'ii5 [Kwangtung], ts'u3 [Bao'an, Dongguan], ts'u5, ts'i2 [Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim ci2, ci4, cid5)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (zi4), Wade-Giles tzu4)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*dzhì)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tsū (tsu7))

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, từ, tợ)