より

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spelling
(archaic)

Originally derived as stem noun form of verb よる (yoru, to arise from, to start from), spelled variously in kanji as 因る, 依る, 由る.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

より (yori

  1. than; rather than; more so than
    (うえ)()さんは(ぼく)より()(たか)い。
    Ueda-san wa boku yori se ga takai.
    Mr. Ueda is taller than I am.
    オレンジより(りん)()()き。
    Orenji yori ringo ga suki.
    I like apples more than oranges.
  2. from, beyond, or past a point in space or time
    ここより(あぶ)ないですよ。
    Koko yori abunai desu yo.
    It's dangerous past / beyond / from here.
    ()(とせ)より(しゅっ)(ぱつ)します。
    Chitose yori shuppatsu shimasu.
    We depart from Chitose.
    (はく)(ぶつ)(かん)(てん)()(ろく)(がつ)10(とお)()より(かい)(さい)されます。
    Hakubutsukan no tenji ga rokugatsu tōka yori kaisai saremasu.
    The museum exhibit opens from June 10.
Usage notes[edit]

The archaic ligature kana was used for yori from roughly the Edo Period to World War II. It is not used in contemporary Japanese.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Calque of European grammatical constructions[1] such as English more, leveraging the from, beyond, past sense of the particle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

より (yori

  1. more
    より綺麗(きれい)環境(かんきょう)
    yori kirei na kankyō
    a cleaner environment
    • 2019 August 4, QuizKnock, “最弱オセロAIが弱過ぎて絶対勝っちゃうww本気で負けてみた [The weakest Othello AI is so weak that you're guaranteed to win! So we tried to lose]”, in YouTube[1]:
      より()ちゃった。
      Yori katchatta.
      You've won more.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative spelling
寄り

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (yoru, to approach, to draw near).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

より (yori

  1. leaning
  2. (by extension) tending towards, leaning towards

Verb[edit]

より (yori

  1. stem or continuative form of よる (yoru) [godan]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative spellings
縒り
撚り

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 縒る, 撚る (yoru, to twist, to entwine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

より (yori

  1. twisting

Verb[edit]

より (yori

  1. stem or continuative form of よる (yoru) [godan]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN