ある

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Japanese[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spellings 有る
在る

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ari.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "ある"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
ある [áꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) あれ [áꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive - - -
Causative - - -
Potential あられる られ [àráréꜜrù]
Volitional あろう [àróꜜò]
Negative ない [náꜜì]
Negative perfective なかった かった [náꜜkàttà]
Formal あります りま [àrímáꜜsù]
Perfective あった った [áꜜttà]
Conjunctive あって って [áꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional あれば れば [áꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

ある (aruintransitive godan (stem あり (ari), past あった (atta))

  1. to exist (inanimate objects)
    テーブルの(うえ)(うえ)()(ばち)あります
    Tēburu no ue ni uekibachi ga arimasu.
    There is a flowerpot on top of the table.
    (なんじ)(さち)あれ
    Nanji ni sachi are.
    I wish you happiness.
    (literally, “May happiness exist with you.”)
  2. to be (inanimate objects)
  3. to have (inanimate objects)
    (わたし)(がっ)(こう)花園(はなぞの)あります
    Watashi no gakkō wa hanazono ga arimasu.
    My school has a flower garden.
  4. (of an accident) to happen
    (なに)あったら(れん)(らく)してください。
    Nanika attara renraku shite kudasai.
    If anything happens, please call me.
Synonyms[edit]
Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative spelling 或る

Pronunciation[edit]

Adnominal[edit]

ある (aru

  1. a certain, one, some
    ある(せい)()()がそう()った。
    Aru seijika ga sō itta.
    A certain politician said so.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN