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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai U.png
U+3046, う
HIRAGANA LETTER U

[U+3045]
Hiragana
[U+3047]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
2 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji u)

  1. The hiragana syllable (u). Its equivalent in katakana is (u). It is the third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (a-gyō u-dan, row a, section u).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kana spelling of various words.

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji u)

  1. : cormorant

Etymology 3[edit]

From the older auxiliary verb .

Verb[edit]

(rōmaji u)

  1. (auxiliary) Expressing one's will to do something.
    そろそろ (かえ)
    Sorosoro kaerō.
    I'll return before long.
    手伝 (てつだ)か。
    Tetsudaō ka.
    Shall I help?
    •  (たん) (じょう) ()ケーキを (つく) (おも)っています。
      Tanjōbi kēki o tsukurō to omotte imasu.
      I'm thinking about baking a birthday cake.
    •  (たん) (じょう) ()ケーキを (つく)としています。
      Tanjōbi kēki o tsukurō to shite imasu.
      I'm trying to bake a birthday cake.
  2. (auxiliary) Inducing or stimulating other person to do something.
    明日一緒 (あしたいっしょ) (がっ) (こう) ()
    Ashita issho ni gakkō ni ikō.
    Let's go to school together tomorrow.
  3. (auxiliary, archaic) Presenting a supposition.
    そんなことはなかろ
    Sonna koto wa nakarō.
    There's probably no such thing.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, imperfective form) of verbs. The sound change of auō takes place. For example,  (かえ) (kaeru) (かえ) (kaera) + (u) (かえ)ろう (kaerō).
  • (u) is only used after godan verbs. よう () is used with other verb classes.
Synonyms[edit]