泳ぐ

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
およ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Likely from Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *əyənku. Included in The Tale of Genji from the late 900s or early 1000s. Listed in sources with a note that this may have been pronounced originally as oyoku,[1][2][3] however, cognates among the Ryūkyūan languages would seem to support a voiced /ɡ/ as the final consonant. Compare Kunigami 泳じゅん (uijun), Okinawan 泳じゅん (qwiijun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

泳ぐ (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana およぐ, rōmaji oyogu)

  1. to swim
     () (のう) (わたし)はジムで ()キロ (およ)ぎました
    Kinō, watashi wa jimu de go kiro oyogimashita.
    Yesterday I swam 5 kilometers at the gym.
    ここで (およ)げる
    Koko de oyogeru.
    We can swim here.
     (およ)ことができない。
    Oyogu koto ga dekinai.
    I cannot swim.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN