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U+6CF3, 泳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CF3

[U+6CF2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CF4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水戈弓水 (EINE), four-corner 33132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 619, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17328
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1014, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1595, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6CF3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
泳-oracle.svg 泳-bronze.svg 泳-seal.svg 泳-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷraŋs): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɢʷraŋʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to Thai ว่าย (wâai, to swim) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (112)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wing6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋ(ʔ)-s/
English go in water, wade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15425
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to swim
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to swim

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 3
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠwiæŋH).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(えい) (ei

  1. swim

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠwiæŋH). Recorded as Middle Korean 여ᇰ〯 (Yale: yeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 헤엄칠 (heeomchil yeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (dive).
  2. Hanja form? of (swim).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]
  • Naver Hanja Dictionary: 泳

Kunigami[edit]

Kanji[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: vịnh, vạnh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]