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See also:
U+601D, 思
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-601D

[U+601C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+601E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田心 (WP), four-corner 60330, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 381, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10462
  • Dae Jaweon: page 709, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2280, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+601D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𢙦

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
思-seal.svg 思-bigseal.svg

Original form was (OC *snɯ), considered by Shuowen to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *snɯ, *snɯs): phonetic (OC *snɯns) + semantic (heart). It may also be a ideogrammic compound (會意): (fontanel) + (heart).

started to corrupt into the unrelated as early as the silk script.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: sî - only in certain words (e.g. 相思樹).
Note:
  • su/sir - literary;
  • si - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɨ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sie/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /siə/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭə/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    si1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ si ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ə/
    English think

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13835
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*snɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to think; to cogitate
    2. thought; thinking; idea
    3. to miss; to yearn for
    4. to hope; to wish
    5. to lament; to grieve for
    6. feeling; mood
    7. meaningless sentence-initial particle
    8. meaningless sentence-medial particle
    9. sentence-final interjectional particle
    10. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /siH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    si3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13843
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*snɯs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thought; feeling; mood

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (sāi, “heavily bearded”).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. think

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean ᄉᆞᆼ (Yale: ?) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] ᄉᆡᆼ각 ᄉᆞ Recorded as Middle Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.
    Gwangju Cheonjamun, 1575 ᄉᆞ량 ᄉᆞ Recorded as Middle Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so) in Gwangju Cheonjamun (光州千字文 / 광주천자문), 1575.
    Early Modern Korean
    Text Final (韻) Reading
    Samun Seonghwi, 1751 ᄉᆡᆼ각 ᄉᆞ Recorded as Early Modern Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so) in Juhae Cheonjamun (註解千字文 / 주해천자문), 1804.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (to think; etc.):
    • (in 사상 (思想, sasang, “thought”)):
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠(ː)]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 생각할 (saenggakhal sa))

    1. Hanja form? of (to think).
    2. Hanja form? of (thought; thinking; idea).
    3. Hanja form? of (to miss; to yearn for).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MCH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean ᄉᆞᆼ〮 (Yale: ?) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[3] ᄠᅳᆮ ᄉᆞ[1] Recorded as Middle Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.
    Early Modern Korean
    Text Final (韻) Reading
    Samun Seonghwi, 1751 의ᄉᆞ ᄉᆞ Recorded as Early Modern Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so) in Juhae Cheonjamun (註解千字文 / 주해천자문), 1804.
    1. ^ 去聲

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 생각 (saenggak sa))

    1. Hanja form? of (thought).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Related to Middle Chinese (MC sʌi).

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 수염 많을 (suyeom-i maneul sae))

    1. (literary Chinese) Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (heavily bearded).)

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: , , tứ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.