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U+601D, 思
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-601D

[U+601C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+601E]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
思-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田心 (WP), four-corner 60330, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 381, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10462
  • Dae Jaweon: page 709, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2280, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+601D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𢙦

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
思-bigseal.svg 思-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslɯːʔ, *srɯː, *srɯː
*sn̥ʰɯː, *snɯ
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*srɯː, *snɯʔ
*snɯːls
*snɯ, *snɯs
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯʔ
*snɯ
*sʰrɯ
*snɯns
*sniŋs
*snɯː

Original form was (OC *snɯ): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *snɯ, *snɯs): semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *snɯns).

Top component unrelated to .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • si1 - usual pronunciation;
  • si3 - used in 意思.
Note:
  • si/sù - vernacular;
  • sir/su - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (19) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨ/ /sɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨ/ /sɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sie/ /sieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨ/ /sɨH/
Li
Rong
/siə/ /siəH/
Wang
Li
/sĭə/ /sĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si/ /siH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ si ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ə/
English think

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13835 13843
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*snɯ/ /*snɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to think; to cogitate
  2. thought; thinking; idea
  3. to miss; to yearn for
  4. to hope; to wish
  5. to lament; to grieve for
  6. feeling; mood
  7. meaningless sentence-initial particle
  8. meaningless sentence-medial particle
  9. sentence-final interjectional particle
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“heavily bearded”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. think

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , tứ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.