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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
思-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic 

Top component unrelated to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田心 (WP), four-corner 60330, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 381, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10462
  • Dae Jaweon: page 709, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2280, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+601D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨ/ /si/ /siə/ /sɨ/ /sɨ/ /sĭə/ /sie/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨH/ /siH/ /siəH/ /sɨH/ /sɨH/ /sĭəH/ /sieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ si › /*[s]ə/ think

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13835 0 /*snɯ/
13843 0 /*snɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to think, to cogitate
  2. final particle (clarification of this Chinese definition is being sought)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. think

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , tứ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.