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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +10, 19 strokes, cangjie input 一火一月金 (MFMBC), four-corner 71286, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1407, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43623
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1925, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4385, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9858

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (願), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 魚怨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐnH/ /ŋi̯wɐnH/ /ŋiuɐnH/ /ŋʷiɐnH/ /ŋuanH/ /ŋĭwɐnH/ /ŋiuɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuàn ‹ ngjwonH › /*[ŋ]o[n]-s (< nasal + uvular?)/ to wish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16196 1 /*ŋʷans/

Verb[edit]

  1. to desire, to want, to wish

Noun[edit]

  1. ambition

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. request
  2. wish

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The honorific form is the well known word for please, お願い (onegai).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 4
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjwonH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がん, romaji gan, historical hiragana ぐわん)

  1. prayer

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyện, nguyền)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.