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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
臣-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
臣-jorder.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
臣-cursive-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
臣-oracle.svg 臣-bronze.svg 臣-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - A vertical eye of a man looking downwards. As the individual character it is used as a metaphor meaning "to surrender", while the meaning relating to eyes appears when used as a radical, such as in ‎(to look down at).

Han character[edit]

(radical 131 +0, in Chinese 6 strokes, in Japanese 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸中尸中 (SLSL), four-corner 71717)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 999, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30068
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1450, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2801, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81E3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑin/
Li
Rong
/ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]i[ŋ]/
English slave, subject

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1342
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡiŋ/
Notes 使

Definitions[edit]

  1. minister, statesman, official
  2. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おみ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

/omi1/ *[omi] → /omi/ [omi]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おみ, romaji omi)

  1. one who serves a lord; a vassal, subject

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần, thườn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.