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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
家-bw.png
Stroke order
家-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十一尸人 (JMSO), four-corner 30232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 286, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 930, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5BB6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  ‎(roof) + phonetic  ‎(pig). Furthermore, , which is supposed in the traditional interpretation but not supported by modern views, is an abbreviation of (jiā, “male pig, boar”) (Shuowen Jiezi), a homophone of in Old Chinese (both *kˁra in the Baxter-Sagart system, 2011). (jiā) is further composed of the phonetic part (jiǎ, from Old Chinese *kˁraʔ, "to borrow") and the semantic part (shǐ, “pig”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/ 國~
/ka⁵⁵/ 人~
Chengdu /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕia¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/
/t͡ɕiɑ⁵³/ 娘~
Hohhot /t͡ɕia³¹/
/t͡ɕiaʔ/ 人~
Wu Shanghai /ka⁵³/
/t͡ɕia⁵³/
Suzhou /kɑ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕiɑ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ko³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/
/ka³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia³³/
/ka³³/
Xiangtan /kɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ka⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ka⁵³/
Nanning /ka⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ka⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ka⁵⁵/
/ke⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ka⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ke³³/
/ka³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka²³/
/kia²³/
/kɛ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣa/ /ka/ /ka/ /kɯa/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiā ‹  › /*kˤra/ household

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5919 0 /*kraː/

Noun[edit]

(classifier ())

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) home
    這裡 / 这里  ―  Wǒ de jiā jiù zài zhèlǐ.  ―  My home is here.
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) family; household
  3. school of thought; philosophical school
      ―  jiā  ―  Confucian school
      ―  Dàojiā  ―  Daoist School

Suffix[edit]

  1. specialist in a certain activity or field -ist; -er; -ary; -ian
    藝術 / 艺术  ―  yìshùjiā  ―  artist
    科學 / 科学  ―  kēxuéjiā  ―  scientist

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (polite, for family member) my

Classifier[edit]

  1. measure word for families or businesses

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いえ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

/ihe1/: [ipe] → [iɸe] → [iwe] → [ie]. Possibly related to ‎(io, temporary hut).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いえ, romaji ie, historical hiragana いへ)

  1. a house
  2. one's own home
  3. a home; a household
  4. a family

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. (as suffix) an expert, professional, performer

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うち
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Cognate with ‎(uchi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. a house
  2. one's house
Descendants[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ke)

  1. a suffix representing relationship to a family
     (たいら) ()
    taira-ke
    the Taira family

Etymology 3[edit]

A contraction of uchi → chi. Often following the genitive case marker no which contracts to n.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. house
     (おれ) () ()ない?
    Ore n chi ni konai?
    Wanna come to my place?
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. house

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ya)

  1. house of something, place where some business is conducted
  2. person who does that thing
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga, go) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ka, ko)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gia, nhà)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.