Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
家-bw.png
Stroke order
家-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十一尸人 (JMSO), four-corner 30232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 286, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 930, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5BB6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraː): semantic  ‎(roof) + phonetic  ‎(pig).

is an abbreviation of (OC *kraː, “male pig, boar”) (Shuowen Jiezi), a homophone of in Old Chinese. See for more on the glyph composition.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/ 國~
/ka⁵⁵/ 人~
Chengdu /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕia¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/
/t͡ɕiɑ⁵³/ 娘~
Hohhot /t͡ɕia³¹/
/t͡ɕiaʔ/ 人~
Wu Shanghai /ka⁵³/
/t͡ɕia⁵³/
Suzhou /kɑ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕiɑ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ko³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/
/ka³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia³³/
/ka³³/
Xiangtan /kɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ka⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ka⁵³/
Nanning /ka⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ka⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ka⁵⁵/
/ke⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ka⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ke³³/
/ka³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka²³/
/kia²³/
/kɛ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (98)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣa/ /kɯa/ /ka/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiā ‹  › /*kˤra/ household

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5919 0 /*kraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. home
    這裡 / 这里  ―  Wǒ de jiā jiù zài zhèlǐ.  ―  My home is here.
  2. house
  3. family; household
      ―  jiātíng  ―  family
      ―  jiā  ―  clan; family
  4. (polite, for family member) my
  5. domesticated; domestic
  6. Classifier for families, businesses and companies.
  7. school of thought; philosophical school
      ―  jiā  ―  Confucian school
      ―  Dàojiā  ―  Daoist School
  8. Suffix denoting a person with a certain occupation or social standing. -er
  9. Suffix denoting specialist in a certain activity or field. -ist; -er
    藝術 / 艺术  ―  yìshùjiā  ―  artist
    科學 / 科学  ―  kēxuéjiā  ―  scientist
  10. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("home")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 屋裡
Chengdu 屋頭
Yangzhou 家頭
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 屋企
Hong Kong 屋企
Taishan
Gan Nanchang 屋裡
Hakka Meixian 屋下
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋下
Liudui (S. Sixian) 屋下
Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋下
Dongshi (Dabu) 屋家
Taiwanese Raoping 屋下
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 屋下
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 屋裡
Wenzhou 屋裡
Xiang Changsha 屋裡
Shuangfeng 屋裡
Dialectal synonyms of 房子 ("house")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 房子
Taiwan 房子
Tianjin 房子
Jinan 房子
Xi'an
Wuhan 房子
Chengdu 房子
Yangzhou 房子
Hefei 房子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Gan Nanchang 房子
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 屋仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 房子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 房子
Suzhou 房子
Wenzhou 屋宕
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いえ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

/ihe1/: [ipe] → [iɸe] → [iwe] → [ie]. Possibly related to ‎(io, temporary hut).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いえ, romaji ie, historical hiragana いへ)

  1. a house
  2. one's own home
  3. a home; a household
  4. a family

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. (as suffix) an expert, professional, performer

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うち
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Cognate with ‎(uchi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. a house
  2. one's house
Descendants[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ke)

  1. a suffix representing relationship to a family
     (たいら) ()
    taira-ke
    the Taira family

Etymology 3[edit]

A contraction of uchi → chi. Often following the genitive case marker no which contracts to n.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. house
     (おれ) () ()ない?
    Ore n chi ni konai?
    Wanna come to my place?
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. house

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ya)

  1. house of something, place where some business is conducted
  2. person who does that thing
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga, go) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ka, ko)

  1. home; family; household

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gia, nhà)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.