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Character U+4F01 (企)
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F01
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F00] [U+4F02]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人卜中一 (OYLM), four-corner 80101, composition𠆢)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 95, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 201, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4F01

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
企-oracle.svg 企-bronze.svg 企-bigseal.svg 企-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (13) (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiᴇX/ /kʰiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚiɛX/ /kʰiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɛX/ /kʰjɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjiə̆X/ /kʰiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/kʰjeX/ /kʰieH/
Wang
Li
/kʰǐeX/ /kʰǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰie̯X/ /kʰie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjieX › ‹ khjieH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeʔ/ /*kʰeʔ-s/
English stand on tiptoe stand on tiptoe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10098 10099
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeʔ/ /*kʰes/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stand on tiptoe
  2. (Cantonese, Hakka) to stand
  3. to expect anxiously
  4. to plan
  5. Short for 企業企业 (qǐyè, “enterprise”).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to stand):
Dialectal synonyms of ("to stand")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Chengdu
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. plan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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