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See also:
U+4F01, 企
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F01

[U+4F00]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F02]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人卜中一 (OYLM), four-corner 80101, composition𠆢)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 95, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 201, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4F01

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
企-bronze-shang.svg 企-oracle.svg 企-seal.svg 企-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (13) (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiᴇX/ /kʰiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚiɛX/ /kʰiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɛX/ /kʰjɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjiə̆X/ /kʰiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/kʰjeX/ /kʰieH/
Wang
Li
/kʰǐeX/ /kʰǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰie̯X/ /kʰie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei2 hei3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjieX › ‹ khjieH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeʔ/ /*kʰeʔ-s/
English stand on tiptoe stand on tiptoe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10098 10099
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeʔ/ /*kʰes/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stand on tiptoe
  2. (Cantonese, Hakka) to stand
  3. to expect anxiously
      ―  wàng  ―  to hope for
  4. to plan
    /   ―  huà  ―  to plan; plan
  5. (chiefly in compounds) Short for 企業企业 (qǐyè, “enterprise”).
    /   ―  guó  ―  state-owned enterprise
      ―    ―  private enterprise
    關係 / 关系  ―  zhèng- guānxì  ―  relationship between the government and the enterprises
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to stand):

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. plan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰˠiᴇX, kʰiᴇH).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 꾀할 (kkoehal gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (plan).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.