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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F01
Code point U+4F01
Entity number 企
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F00] [U+4F02]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人卜中一 (OYLM), four-corner 80101, composition𠆢)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 95, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 201, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4F01

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
企-oracle.svg 企-bronze.svg 企-bigseal.svg 企-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (29)
Final: (13)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɣiᴇX/ /kʰɯiɛX/ /kʰiɛX/ /kʰjiə̆X/ /kʰjeX/ /kʰǐeX/ /kʰie̯X/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (29)
Final: (11)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiᴇH/ /kʰiɛH/ /kʰjɛH/ /kʰiə̆H/ /kʰieH/ /kʰǐeH/ /kʰie̯H/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khjieX › /*kʰeʔ/ stand on tiptoe
‹ khjieH › /*kʰeʔ-s/ stand on tiptoe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10098 0 /*kʰeʔ/
10099 0 /*kʰes/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stand on tiptoe
  2. (Cantonese, Hakka) to stand
  3. to expect anxiously
  4. to plan
  5. Abbreviation of 企業企业 (qǐyè, “enterprise”).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to stand):
Dialectal synonyms of ("to stand")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Chengdu
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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