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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
止-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
止-oracle.svg 止-bronze.svg 止-silk.svg 止-bigseal.svg 止-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a footprint, originally meaning "toe". The derivative refers to the original meaning. Compare ‎(hand). Note that in oracle script, composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Compare to , , which have similar shape in oracle script, but pointing down (toe pointing right), and 𡕒 (as in right side of , roughly , toe pointing left), hence different evolution.

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜中一 (YLM), four-corner 21100)

Definitions[edit]

  1. stop, halt, desist, end, expire
  2. detain
  3. foot (Archaic, from Oracle script, according to the Japanese dictionary Kanjigen, 漢字源 Fujido, replaced by )
  4. Kangxi radical #77, ‎(stop).

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 573, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1435, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6B62

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*təʔ/
English foot; stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjɯʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    /   ―  zhǐ yǎng  ―  to stop itching (irritation)

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“only”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (とめる): to stop
  2. (やめる): to stop, to terminate

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.