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See also: , , and 𝍌
U+6B62, 止
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B62

[U+6B61]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B63]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
止-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜中一 (YLM), four-corner 21100)

  1. Kangxi radical #77, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 573, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1435, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6B62

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
止-oracle.svg 止-bronze.svg 止-silk.svg 止-seal.svg 止-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰlɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kʰjɯʔ
*be, *pʰi, *kʰjɯʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a footprint, originally meaning "foot". The derivative (OC *kjɯʔ) refers to the original meaning. Compare (“hand”). Note that in oracle script, composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Compare to , , which have similar shape in oracle script, but pointing down (toe pointing right), and 𡕒 (as in right side of , roughly , toe pointing left), hence different evolution.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*təʔ/
English foot; stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjɯʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. foot
  2. to stop; to halt
      ―  xiūzhǐ  ―  to stop
  3. to bring to an end; to stop; to relieve
    /   ―  zhǐyǎng  ―  to stop itching (irritation)
  4. to end; to finish
  5. only
  6. 71st tetragram of the Taixuanjing

Antonyms[edit]

  • (stop): (shǐ)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (とめる): to stop
  2. (やめる): to stop, to terminate

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci)
    • Name (hangeul): 그칠
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.