- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /tʃɒk/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /t͡ʃɑk/
- Rhymes: -ɒk
Middle English, from Anglo-Norman choque (compare modern Norman chouque), from an Old Northern French variant of Old French çouche, çouche (“block, log”), of Celtic origin, from Gaulish *tsukka (compare Breton soc’h (“thick”), Old Irish tócht (“part, piece”), itself borrowed from Proto-Germanic *stukkaz. Doublet of stock.
chock (plural chocks)
- Any object used as a wedge or filler, especially when placed behind a wheel to prevent it from rolling.
- 2006, Paul Tawrell, Camping & Wilderness Survival: The Ultimate Outdoors Book:
- Artificial anchor points are those constructed from equipment carried by the team. These are usually the chocks or pitons placed in cracks or bolts drilled in the rock.
- (nautical) Any fitting or fixture used to restrict movement, especially movement of a line; traditionally was a fixture near a bulwark with two horns pointing towards each other, with a gap between where the line can be inserted.
- (transitive) To stop or fasten, as with a wedge, or block; to scotch.
- 1915, Railway Line Clearances and Car Dimensions Including Weight Limitations of Railroads in the United States, Canada, Mexico and Cuba:
- Gondolas with drop or hopper doors not boarded over should have lading cleated and chocked so as to prevent shifting over doors.
- 2010, J. C. McKenney, The Rainwoman, page 93:
- Alejandro jumped out and set the emergency brake (chocking the left rear wheel with a wood block he kept behind the cabina).
- (intransitive, obsolete) To fill up, as a cavity.
- 1662, Thomas Fuller, Worthies of England:
- When the bells ring, the wood-work thereof shaketh and grapeth (no defect, but perfect of structure), and exactly chocketh into the joynts again; so that it may pass for the lively embleme of the sincere Christian, who, though he hath motum trepidationis, of fear and trembling, stands firmly fixt on the basis of a true faith.
- (nautical) To insert a line in a chock.
chock (not comparable)
- (nautical) Entirely; quite.
- 1857, Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic Explorations, page 431:
- Tom Hickey, our good-humored, blundering cabin-boy, decorated since poor Schubert's death with the dignities of cook, is in that little dirty cot on the starboard side; the rest are bedded in rows, Mr. Brooks and myself chock aft.
- 1862, Dana's Seamen's Friend: Containing a Treatise on Practical Seamanship:
- Merchant vessels usually hoist a little on the halyards, so as to clear the sail from the top, then belay them and get the lee sheet chock home; then haul home the weather sheet, shivering the sail by the braces to help it home, and hoist on the halyards until the leaches are well taut, taking a turn with the braces, if the wind is fresh, and slacking them as the yard goes up.
chock (plural chocks)
- To make a dull sound.
- 1913, D.H. Lawrence, chapter 1, in Sons and Lovers:
- She saw him hurry to the door, heard the bolt chock. He tried the latch.
- “chock”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.÷
- “chock”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
- Partridge, Eric (2006): Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
- Rhymes: -ɔk
|Declension of chock|