From Middle English bulwerk, from Middle Dutch bolwerk, bolwerc and Middle Low German bolwerk, equivalent to bole (“tree trunk”) + work. Cognate with German Bollwerk, Danish bolværk, Dutch bolwerk. Doublet of boulevard (from French boulevard, from Dutch); cognate with Portuguese and Spanish baluarte and Italian baluardo.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wək/
- (US) enPR: bo͝ol'wərk, bo͝ol'wôrk, IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wɝk/, /ˈbʊl.wɔɹk/
Audio (US) (file)
bulwark (plural bulwarks)
- A defensive wall or rampart.
- A defense or safeguard.
- A breakwater.
- (nautical) The planking or plating along the sides of a nautical vessel above her gunwale that reduces the likelihood of seas washing over the gunwales and people being washed overboard.
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 3, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC 57395299, page 11:
- Entering that gable-ended Spouter-Inn, you found yourself in a wide, low, straggling entry with old-fashioned wainscots, reminding one of the bulwarks of some condemned old craft.
- (figuratively) Any means of defence or security.