bole

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See also: bolē, bóle, and bółe

English[edit]

The bole (trunk) of a tree
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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bole, from Old Norse bolr, akin to Danish bul and German Bohle (plank). See also bulwark (defensive wall).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bole (plural boles)

  1. The trunk or stem of a tree.
    • 1842, Alfred Tennyson, A Dream of Fair Women, in Poems, Volume 1, page 188,
      Enormous elm-tree boles did stoop and lean / Upon the dusky brushwood underneath / Their broad curved branches, fledged with clearest green, / New from its silken sheath.
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows
      A fine powder filled the air and caressed the cheek with a tingle in its touch, and the black boles of the trees showed up in a light that seemed to come from below.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Ancient Greek βῶλος (bôlos, clod or lump of earth): compare French bol.

Noun[edit]

bole (plural boles)

  1. Any of several varieties of friable earthy clay, usually coloured red by iron oxide, and composed essentially of hydrous silicates of alumina, or more rarely of magnesia.
  2. (obsolete) A bolus; a dose.
    • 1649, Jeremy Taylor, An Apology for Authorized and Set Forms of Liturgy Against the Pretence of the Spirit, 1849, Charles Page Eden (editor), The Whole Works of the Right Rev. Jeremy Taylor, D.D., Volume V, page 294,
      [] or else [] the churches were very incurious to swallow such a bole, if no pretension could have been reasonably made for their justification.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bole (plural boles)

  1. Alternative form of boll (old unit of measure).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

bole (plural boles)

  1. (Scotland) An aperture with a shutter in the wall of a house, to admit air or light.
    • 1816, Walter Scott, The Antiquary, 1862, Adam and Charles Black, page 220,
      "Open the bole," said the old woman firmly and hastily to her daughter-in-law, “open the bole wi' speed, that I may see if this be the right Lord Geraldin [] .
  2. (Scotland) A small closet.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Variant of bolle. Occurs exclusively in the plural form.

Noun[edit]

bole ?

  1. testicles
Related terms[edit]

Buol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *balay, from Proto-Austronesian *balay.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bole

  1. house

Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bole

  1. present masculine singular transgressive of bolet

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bowl, probably via German Bowle. Alternative historical forms: bols. First attested use to mean a bowl for making punch – 1880. First attested use to refer to the beverage itself – 1886.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

bole f (5th declension)

  1. (dated sense) a bowl for making punch
    Bowle: bole (punša un citu tādu dzērienu kauss) – Bowle (German): bole (a bowl for punch or similar drinks).[2]
  2. punch (drink made of wine, diluted with juices, syrups and fruit, often with added cognac or rhum)
    zemeņu bole – straberry punch
    boles traukspunch bowl

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bole” in Juris Baldunčiks (1989), Anglicismi latviešu valodā (Rīga: «Zinātne») →ISBN.
  2. ^ Brasche G., (1880), Deutsch-lettisches Wörterbuch, Riga; Leipzig, page 152.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Verb[edit]

bole

  1. superseded spelling of bóle.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a mixture of Old English bula, *bulla, and Old Norse boli, both from Proto-Germanic *bulô.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbul(ə)/, /ˈbuːl(ə)/, /ˈbɔːl(ə)/

Noun[edit]

bole (plural boles or bolen)

  1. bull, steer, male cow
  2. (heraldry) A heraldic bull
  3. (astrology) Taurus (zodiac)
  4. (astronomy) Taurus (constellation)
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bolr.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bole (plural boles)

  1. trunk, bole
  2. tree
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]