bile

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See also: bilé

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Mid 16th century, via French, from Latin bīlis ‎(bile).

Noun[edit]

bile ‎(usually uncountable, plural biles)

  1. (biochemistry) A bitter brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow secretion produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and discharged into the duodenum where it aids the process of digestion.
  2. bitterness of temper; ill humour; irascibility.
  3. Two of the four humours, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
    • 1890, Walter Scott, The Journal of Sir Walter Scott[1]:
      I shall tire of my Journal if it is to contain nothing but biles and plasters and unguents.
    • 1616, Alexander Roberts, A Treatise of Witchcraft[2]:
      He spake out of the Pythonesse, Act. 16. 17. brought downe fire from heauen, and consumed Iobs sheepe 7000. and his seruants, raised a storme, strooke the house wherein his sonnes and daughters feasted with their elder brother, smote the foure corners of it, with the ruine whereof they all were destroyed, and perished: and ouerspread the body of that holy Saint their father with botches[t] and biles from the sole of his foot to the crowne of his head.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Akin to Dutch buil and German Beule.

Noun[edit]

bile ‎(plural biles)

  1. (obsolete) A boil (kind of swelling).

Verb[edit]

bile ‎(third-person singular simple present biles, present participle biling, simple past and past participle biled)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of boil.
    • 1912, Stella George Stern Perry, Melindy (page 130)
      We pretty near biled ourselves and Miss Euly done got her bes' pink apron stained, an' I dropped Sis Suky's big kitchen spoon in de hogshead of sand []

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *bālnai, from Proto-Indo-European *bhḷəno, from *bʰel- ‎(to blow, swell), related to bolle. Compare Ancient Greek φαλλός ‎(phallós, penis), Latin follis ‎(bellows), Old Irish ball ‎(member, body part) and Modern High German Bille ‎(penis)

Noun[edit]

bile f

  1. penis
Related terms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bile f ‎(uncountable)

  1. bile

External links[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bile, from Proto-Celtic *belyos ‎(tree), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰolyo- ‎(leaf).

Noun[edit]

bile m ‎(genitive singular bile, nominative plural bilí)

  1. tree, especially a large, ancient, sacred one
  2. scion; distinguished person
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

bile m ‎(genitive singular bile, nominative plural bilí)

  1. rim

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bile bhile mbile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "bile" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 bile” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bīlis ‎(bile).

Noun[edit]

bile f ‎(plural bili)

  1. (physiology) bile

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

bīle

  1. ablative singular of bīlis

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *belyos ‎(tree), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰolyo- ‎(leaf). Cognate with Latin folium, Ancient Greek φύλλον ‎(phúllon), and Old Armenian բողբոջ ‎(bołboǰ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bile m ‎(genitive bili, nominative plural bili)

  1. tree, especially a large, ancient, sacred one

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bile bile
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 bile” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

bile f (uncountable)

  1. gall; bile

Synonyms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

bile f ‎(genitive singular bile, plural bilean)

  1. lip (of mouth)
  2. rim (of container)
  3. brim (of hat)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English bill.

Noun[edit]

bile m ‎(genitive singular bile, plural bilean)

  1. bill (for law)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (Turkish bile).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bǐle/
  • Hyphenation: bi‧le

Adverb[edit]

bìle ‎(Cyrillic spelling бѝле)

  1. (regional) moreover, even
    bile je i on došao čak i on — even he came

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish [Term?], from Old Turkic birle, from Proto-Turkic *bile ‎(with, together, also).

Conjunction[edit]

bile

  1. neither, even

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bile ? ‎(plural bilen)

  1. axe