- 1 English
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- 4 Italian
- 5 Old Irish
- 6 Portuguese
- 7 Scottish Gaelic
- 8 Serbo-Croatian
- 9 Turkish
- 10 West Frisian
- (biochemistry) A bitter brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow secretion produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and discharged into the duodenum where it aids the process of digestion.
- bitterness of temper; ill humour; irascibility.
- Two of the four humours, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
1890, Walter Scott, The Journal of Sir Walter Scott:
- I shall tire of my Journal if it is to contain nothing but biles and plasters and unguents.
1616, Alexander Roberts, A Treatise of Witchcraft:
- He spake out of the Pythonesse, Act. 16. 17. brought downe fire from heauen, and consumed Iobs sheepe 7000. and his seruants, raised a storme, strooke the house wherein his sonnes and daughters feasted with their elder brother, smote the foure corners of it, with the ruine whereof they all were destroyed, and perished: and ouerspread the body of that holy Saint their father with botches[t] and biles from the sole of his foot to the crowne of his head.
bile (plural biles)
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
From Proto-Albanian *beit-la, from Proto-Indo-European *bhe(i)-tlo . Cognate with Germanic *biþlan (cf. Old Norse bíldr (“axe, an instrument for bleeding”), Old English bill (“crooked double-edged sword, bill, falchion”) < WGermanic *biðlan), Slavic *bidlo 'rake, pole, plectrum'.
bile f (uncountable)
- “bile” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
bile f (plural bili)
|Old Irish mutation|
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- “1 bile” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
bile f (uncountable)
bile f (genitive singular bile, plural bilean)
bile m (genitive singular bile, plural bilean)
- bill (for law)
bìle (Cyrillic spelling бѝле)
bile ? (plural bilen)