fel

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: fél, fêl, and fel-

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch fel, from Middle Dutch fel, from Old French fel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fel (attributive fel, comparative feller, superlative felste)

  1. ferocious, fierce
  2. bright (e.g. sunlight)

Adverb[edit]

fel

  1. fiercely, ferociously

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan fèl), from Latin fel (bile) (compare French fiel, Spanish hiel), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green).

Noun[edit]

fel m (plural fels)

  1. gall

Further reading[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

fel

  1. Mixed mutation of mel.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch fel, from Old French fel.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɛl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fel
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Adjective[edit]

fel (comparative feller, superlative felst)

  1. bright (e.g. sunlight)
  2. fierce

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of fel
uninflected fel
inflected felle
comparative feller
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial fel feller het felst
het felste
indefinite m./f. sing. felle fellere felste
n. sing. fel feller felste
plural felle fellere felste
definite felle fellere felste
partitive fels fellers

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: fel

Adverb[edit]

fel

  1. fiercely
    De Frisii waren een Germaans volk en net als verscheidene andere Germaanse volkeren wisten ze zich fel te verdedigen tegen de Romeinen[2] — The Frisii were a Germanic people and, just like various other Germanic peoples, they knew how to defend themselves fiercely against the Romans.

Descendants[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Swedish fuller.

Adverb[edit]

fel

  1. probably, likely

Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apocopic form of felé (archaic; unrelated to present-day felé (towards)), a lexicalization of the fel form of föl (upper part, surface) +‎ (locative suffix), shortening, then dropping the final vowel.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fel (comparative feljebb)

  1. up, upward, upwards (to a physically higher or more elevated position)
    Synonym: felfelé
    Antonyms: le, lefelé
    Coordinate terms: fent, fenn, felül (at a physically higher position)

Derived terms[edit]

(Expressions):

See the compound word derivations below, at the noun sense.

Noun[edit]

fel (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of föl (upper part, surface)
    Synonyms: felső rész (upper part), felület (surface)
  2. (rare, dialectal) Alternative form of föl (skim, of the milk) or föl (cream, the best part)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of fel
singular plural
nominative fel
accusative felt
felet
dative felnek
instrumental fellel
causal-final felért
translative fellé
terminative felig
essive-formal felként
essive-modal
inessive felben
superessive felen
adessive felnél
illative felbe
sublative felre
allative felhez
elative felből
delative felről
ablative feltől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
felé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
feléi
Possessive forms of fel
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. felem
2nd person sing. feled
3rd person sing. fele
1st person plural felünk
2nd person plural feletek
3rd person plural felük

Derived terms[edit]

  • Compound words
  • Adjective[edit]

    fel

    1. (obsolete, only in compounds) upper, higher
      Synonyms: felső, feljebbi, fentebbi, fentebb/feljebb/magasabban lévő

    Derived terms[edit]

    Compound words

    See also[edit]

    • fel- (up, verbal prefix)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

    Further reading[edit]

    • (up): fel in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
    • (skim; best part): fel , redirecting to föl in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
    • (upper part): fel in Czuczor, Gergely and János Fogarasi: A magyar nyelv szótára (’A Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Emich Gusztáv Magyar Akadémiai Nyomdász, 1862–1874.

    Latin[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Uncertain. Either from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green), or from *bʰel-, *bʰl̥H- (yellow). *ǵʰ- > f- instead of the expected *h- is explained as being regular in some dialects.[1] Cognates through the first etymon include holus and helvus; Ancient Greek χολή (kholḗ, bile) and χλωρός (khlōrós, green); and English yellow and gold.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    fel n (genitive fellis); third declension

    1. gall bladder
    2. gall, bile
    3. poison
    4. bitterness, venom

    Declension[edit]

    Third-declension noun (neuter, i-stem).

    Case Singular Plural
    Nominative fel fella
    Genitive fellis fellium
    fellum
    Dative fellī fellibus
    Accusative fel fella
    Ablative felle fellibus
    Vocative fel fella

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel, “fel”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 209
    • fel in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
    • fel in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934

    Middle Dutch[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Borrowed from Old French fel.

    Adjective[edit]

    fel

    1. cruel, harsh
    2. evil
    3. terrible
    4. dangerous

    Inflection[edit]

    This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • “fel (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[3], 2000
    • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “fel (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[4], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page I

    Old French[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Proto-Germanic *faluz, cognate with felon.

    Adjective[edit]

    fel m (oblique and nominative feminine singular fele)

    1. evil
    2. vile; despicable
      • circa 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, 'Érec et Énide':
        "Fui!" fet Erec, "nains enuiieus!
        Trop es fel et contraliieus.["]
        "Flee" said Erec "pesky dwarf!
        You are too vile and maddening"

    References[edit]


    Old Irish[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    fel

    1. Alternative form of fil

    Mutation[edit]

    Old Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    fel ḟel fel
    pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    Portuguese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Old Portuguese fel, from Latin fel, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    fel f (uncountable)

    1. sourness, acerbity, bitterness
      Synonym: azedume
    2. (figuratively) sorrow
      Synonym: amargura
    3. (medicine) gall; bile
      Synonyms: bile, bílis

    Romanian[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Borrowed from Hungarian -féle.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    fel n (plural feluri)

    1. sort, type, kind
      fel de fel de oameni — all kinds of people
      la fel ca tine — the same as you
    2. manner, style, way
      În ce fel? — In what way?
      În felul acesta. — In this way.
      Într-un fel e un lucru bun a plecat. — In a way it's a good thing that he left.
      Nu e în felul lui fie neprietenos. — It's not in his nature to be unkind.

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Swedish[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    See Norwegian feil and Danish fejl. Used in Swedish at least since 1527. For the adverb, the now obsolete form felt was the dominant written form until the mid 19th century.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    fel

    1. wrong, incorrect, erroneous
      Fel svar ger inga poäng.
      A wrong answer gives no points.

    Antonyms[edit]

    Adverb[edit]

    fel

    1. wrong, wrongly, incorrectly, erroneously
      Hon svarade fel på hälften av frågorna.
      She answered wrong on half of the questions.
      Planen slog fel.
      The plan failed.

    Noun[edit]

    fel n

    1. mistake
      Jag erkänner, jag gjorde fel.
      I admit, I made a mistake.
      Han har fel.
      He is wrong.
    2. error, fault, deviation (from the correct or normal)

    Declension[edit]

    Declension of fel 
    Singular Plural
    Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
    Nominative fel felet fel felen
    Genitive fels felets fels felens

    Derived terms[edit]

    This list includes words based on the adverb (felcitera (to cite erroneously)) as well as the noun (felsöka (to search for errors)).

    References[edit]


    Volapük[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    fel (nominative plural fels)

    1. field (general)

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Welsh[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Breton evel, Irish samhail, Latin similis. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (together, one).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Preposition[edit]

    fel

    1. as, like

    Related terms[edit]

    Adverb[edit]

    fel

    1. (colloquial) (South Wales) how
      Fel ŷch chi'n ca'l ych nabod?How are you known?

    References[edit]

    1. ^ fel”, in R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 1950–present
    2. ^ J. Morris Jones, A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative (Oxford 1913), § 51 vi.

    Westrobothnian[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Old Norse *fél, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō (file).

    Noun[edit]

    fel f (definite singular fela)

    1. rasp, file

    Verb[edit]

    fêl

    1. to rasp, to file
      ja skull a hatt feld opp såga
      I should have filed the saw.