sorrow

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See also: Sorrow

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sorow, sorwe, from Old English sorg, from Proto-Germanic *surgō (compare West Frisian soarch, Dutch zorg, German Sorge, Danish and Norwegian sorg), from Proto-Indo-European *swergʰ- (watch over, worry; be ill, suffer) (compare Old Irish serg (sickness), Tocharian B sark (sickness), Lithuanian sirgti (be sick), Sanskrit सूर्क्षति (sū́rkṣati, worry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sorrow (countable and uncountable, plural sorrows)

  1. (uncountable) unhappiness, woe
    • (Can we date this quote by Rambler and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The safe and general antidote against sorrow is employment.
  2. (countable) (usually in plural) An instance or cause of unhappiness.
    • 1963, C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins, 2nd Revised edition, page 14:
      Vaublanc, in San Domingo so sympathetic to the sorrows of labour in France, had to fly from Paris in August, 1792, to escape the wrath of the French workers.
    Parting is such sweet sorrow.

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Verb[edit]

sorrow (third-person singular simple present sorrows, present participle sorrowing, simple past and past participle sorrowed)

  1. (intransitive) To feel or express grief.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 424:
      Sorrow not, sir,’ says he, ‘like those without hope.’
  2. (transitive) To feel grief over; to mourn, regret.

Derived terms[edit]

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