Kummer

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kumber (debris, rubble, obstruction, distress, encumbrance, confiscation), probably from Old French *combre (obstruction, barrier), combrer (to hinder), from Medieval Latin combrus (barricade), usually said to be from either Latin cumulus (heap) or Gaulish *komberū << Proto-Celtic *kombereti (to bring together) << *kom- +‎ *bereti (to bear)[1][2].

Compare Middle French combre, Medieval Latin combrus, English encumbrance. The semantic development is shared by Dutch kommer (sorrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkʊmɐ/
  • Rhymes: -ʊmɐ
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Kummer m (genitive Kummers, no plural)

  1. grief, sorrow
    Synonym: Leid
  2. (colloquial) trouble
    Synonyms: Ärger, Problem

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Niermeyer, Jan Frederik, “combrus”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, 1976, page 204
  2. ^ encombrer” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German kamara, a borrowing from Latin camera. Compare German Kammer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kummer f (plural Kummeren)

  1. chamber
  2. bedroom